Ethical Leadership Theory

1497 Words6 Pages
The Effect of Ethical Leadership Organizational Citizenship Behavior
Gözde Tokmakoğlu
İstanbul Bilgi University

Abstract

This paper explores the relation between ethical leadership and organizational citizenship behavior under the light of various researches and links it to social psychology theories. This relation examined many times in years and a positive correlation was discovered. Moreover, it seems that there is not only two dimensions; as there are different aspects like commitment, engagement and trust. It can be said that there is an interactive relationship in between them. Will be starting with a descriptive approach; definitions of ethical leadership and organizational citizenship behavior, will give examples from
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(Brown, Trevino and Harrison 2005, p.120). Ethical leadership is related with many factors like trust, engagement, values, motivation, commitment and performance. Brown and others emphasized on three behavioral aspects. They proposed that ethical leaders are charismatic, they are honest, and they treat fairly. Will summarize these behavioral aspects briefly:
Transformational/charismatic leadership: These type of leaders known as charismatic and affective. They are courageous and also encourage the people around to one vision, inspire and leave permanent marks. According to Avolio (1999, p.43), transformational leaders handle issues in a moralistic way and they represent the “ideal” in their attitudes and behavior. From Bass’s and Avolio’s perspective (1994, p.2) transformational leaders make people aware of the vision of the company and be the representatives of the mission. With their help, employees discover their own potential, feel able to to their best and find out new perspectives. In the end organizations benefit and reach the aimed
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Without limitless effort of employees this target is unapproachable. Extra effort behavior of employees making them work more for organizations rather than acting in normal standards is the basic definition of organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) (Rasheeqa Tabassum, 2016) As it is related with engagement and performance, an important concept for organizations.
Ensuring productivity and efficiency in corporations could be possible through improvement of organizational citizenship behavior so it is critical. (Yasin Munir, Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ehsan Malik, Baktawar Javaid, Amina Arshad, Mayda Khalid, Rubia Nawaz, Sania Nazir, 2013)
Overall performance of the organizations are associated with Organizational citizenship behavior so maintaining this behavior at workplace is critical for common success. This concept is not new, Dennis Organ is one of the oldest academicians worked on this topic.(Biswas and Mazumder, 2017). He developed a five factor model composed of five dimensions which are; Altruism, Courtesy, Conscientiousness, Sportsmanship and Civic virtue. To briefly explain
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