Ethical Principles In Medical Research Practice

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Introduction Ethics are appropriate in all the fields of human activity. Ethics are important for us while dealing with others, environment and animals. It is vital for us to have an official statement or a national reference point for ethical considerations regarding human research, treatment of humans and healthcare for humans (NHMRC Act, 2007). The current essay focuses on various ethical and legal standards of healthcare treatment that has to be provided to the humans and the importance of such activity. The ethical principles not only have impact on the research subjects but, also will influence the people affected by the research outcomes. The three basic ethical principles in medical research practice are respect for people receiving…show more content…
The declaration is mainly addressed to the physicians, although WMA inspires the researchers of human information to embrace these principles. According to the Declaration of Helsinki, medical research on humans must primarily focus on the well-being of the research subjects than on the research interests. Medical research has to comply with certain ethical standards, which endorses respect to all the human subjects. It is advised in the declaration for the researchers to take sufficient precautions in protecting the privacy, confidentiality of patient’s personal data, in reducing the impact of the study on the physical, social and mental integrity of the subjects. The healthcare professional is allowed to combine medical research with medical care only to the extent that the research done is potential enough to prevent, diagnose and treat the medical condition. The physician must have a valid reason to see clearly that no adverse effect can cause health damage to the research human subjects. Importance of Informed…show more content…
Libertarianism is one among them, which is looked as a political philosophy that strongly focuses on the component of justice. According to this theory, people as persons have to be treated with justice, and the rights for their possessions have to be respected. The most popular libertarianism theory is “entitlement theory” proposed by Robert Nozick, (1974). According to him, distributive justice basically comprises of three principles including, principle of justice in acquisition, principle of justice in transfer and principle of rectification for violating the previous two principles (Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy, 2002, para.
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