Virtue And Utilitarian Theory

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. How do Virtue Theory, Deontological Theory, and Utilitarian Theory differ? How should a US Army officer apply them in making ethical decisions? Explain. a) How do the three theories (Virtue, Deontological, and Utilitarian) differ? First of all it should be mentioned, that Virtue, Deontological, and Utilitarian theories are the tools to justify people, groups or institutions’ behavior. What is wrong and what is right is identified regarding the personal point of view. Due to that, the same situation, action or result can be assessed, particularly based on the moral and ethical background. Each of the theories mentioned above have distinct advantages and disadvantages and lead to different results of human action. Thus, the desired outcome…show more content…
Even the best plan requires the adjustments considering the enemy’s actions in the battle. Therefore, the leader must make timely decisions in order to adopt the approved concept to the fast changing situation. The usage of the Utilitarian ethic theory will help for the commander to decide the scope of the sacrifice needed with regard to the assigned mission. Additionally, this theory will gain the confidence of the commander that his orders are in line with the ethical norms supported by society. 4. Do you agree with conventional ethical relativism, or do you agree with ethical objectivism? Explain your position. How do these differing viewpoints relate to the US Army’s expectations of its Soldiers and your role as a field grade officer in your organization, in establishing an ethical climate, upholding ethical standards and developing…show more content…
This topic is the subject of many discussions between various types of social groups, nations, representatives of different professions, scholars and other communities. The conventional ethical relativism and ethical objectivism theories are trying to define the answer also. Conventional ethical relativism states that whatever is accepted by the majority is correct from the moral point of view. On the contrary, according conventional ethical objectivism there are universal principles which are exist despite independent of the personal beliefs. From my personal perspective, I support the theory of conventional ethical objectivism because I believe that this attitude is vital to ensure the harmony and equality within the
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