Ethical Theory Of Utilitarianism

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Utilitarianism Last class we had discuss and learned about three traditional ethical theories , which are : 1. Ethical Egoism 2. Utilitarianism 3. Ethical duties “People act for many reasons; but for whom, or what, do or should they act for themselves, for God, or for the good of the planet?” Each theory refers to the actions of human beings . Ethical egoism assign to that people act only for their self-interests , and don’t care about others as much as they care about their own benefit . Furthermore, utilitarianism is a theory points out that the aim of action should obtain the largest possible balance of pleasure over pain or the greatest happiness of the greatest number . moreover , the ethical duties refers to when someone recognizes…show more content…
The Philosophers had clarify the meaning of utilitarianism as follows : “ A theory that the aim of action should be the largest possible balance of pleasure over pain or the greatest happiness of the greatest…show more content…
he agrees with what is mentioned above, that the right action is what brings pleasure, for the greatest number. Moreover, Mill argues that “we should be concerned with the quality of pleasure we produce, where pleasures that result from the exercise of uniquely human capacities are said to be superior to the that result from the capacities we have in common with other animals”. Thus Mill’s version of utilitarianism is sometimes characterized into maximizing happiness rather than pleasure. Utilitarianism clarifies that what makes us happy is not necessarily to be the right action. For example eating lots of unhealthy food it makes us happy but it could harm our body. In fact utilitarianism, a person performs the acts that benefit the most people, regardless of personal feelings. Rule utilitarianism, however, takes into account the law and is concerned with fairness. A rule utilitarian seeks to benefit the most people but through the fairest and most just means available. Therefore, added benefits of rule utilitarianism are that it values justice and includes beneficence at the same time. The supporters of this theory had a believe that actions can be considered ethically when it leads to achieve better results, in other words to make the greatest number of people happy. Which outcomes with other values , such as knowledge ,love and

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