There are many perspectives in defining ethics, morals and values. Ethics are viewed as a theoretic and moral consideration of what are “good”, “right” or “worthy” actions (Pack-Brown, Thomas, & Seymour, 2008). In the individual sense, ethics are seen as behaviours associated with the principles and values that are acceptable to the society (Taft & White, 2007). Morality, on the other hand, refers to “judgements of justice, rights, and welfare pertaining to how people ought to treat each other” and it helps to keep the harmony between people (Bartels, Bauman, Cushman, Pizarro, & Macgraw, 2015). Values are general principles used to guide actions and people use it to rationalise their behaviours.
In addition, ethical decision-making is a process that encompasses a great use of self-awareness and critical thinking by the practitioner. Therefore, there should be a series of steps that a social worker must take in order to resolve or intent to resolve such a dilemma. I believe that the first step should be recognizing what the ethical dilemma is. Second, the practitioner should be self-aware of how professional values, rather than personal, may interfere with the decision-making process. Lastly, the social worker must consider the structural, cultural, and agency context issues surrounding the presenting ethical dilemma.
It is a linkage to our inner beings and through the belief of God to dedicate our lives in helping others and in the pursuit of self happiness. As noted by Parvati Raghuram "For many, religion relates primarily to belief systems with a commitment to some normative values and some social order" (Skeleton & Allen, 1999) . Religion offers a structure that facilitates honourable thinking and encourages individuals to act sincerely in a formidable
The Code reviews broad ethical principles that reflect the profession's center values and builds a set of particular ethical standards that should be used to manage social work practice. 3. The Code is meant to help social workers recognize relevant considerations when professional obligations conflict or ethical uncertainties arise. 4. The Code provides moral standards to which the general public can take the social work profession responsible.
When practitioners are faced with ethical dilemmas, they must refer to the common base provided by the APA and proceed with the recommendations there in. If strict adherence to the principles and standards is forsaken, the practitioner can severely damage the perception of the doctor, the organization, and the science. Thus, the control of this adherence is entrusted only to the professional psychologist and great efforts must be taken to abide by the ethics within the Code of
The normative theories are the branch of philosophy that studies ethical behavior. The major normative theories are egoism, utilitarianism, Kantianism and virtue ethics. Egoism and Utilitarianism are strongly related they lie under consequentialist theories. From its name, consequentialist theories demonstrate that the action depends on its consequence. The difference between the two is that egoism focuses on self-interest, while utilitarianism addresses maximum happiness to everyone (Sansbury, Barry and Shaw, 2013).
Since social workers work with a variety of populations, they experience some dilemmas during delivering their services to clients, hence the need for ethical conduct. According to Barker (2003) an ethical dilemma refers to a situation that occurs when two or more moral values seem to be equally legal but contradictory and the practitioner is required to make the best possible choice from among them. So it is important to have ethics that will help in taking ethical decisions. Barker (2003) defines ethics as a system of moral principles and perceptions about right versus wrong and the resulting philosophy of conduct that is practiced by a
Ethics is the way that we try to lives our life base on the standard of what’s right or wrong. Those standards are based on beliefs by which judgments are made about good or bad behavior. Your personal moral standards are built up over your lifetime. It affects the choices you make in your life. Standards of ethical behavior are absorbed by seeing the examples of everybody around you.
Ethical Decision Making The descriptive model of ethical decision making comprises of the way people typically make ethical decisions (Copper, 2012). Every ethical decision is based on the social and cultural context in which it occurs, this is inclusive of the ethical decision to become whistle blowers, as seen in the Dryburgh case study on which this paper is grounded. This paper is focused on demonstrating proper case analysis using Cooper’s ethical decision-making model on the Dryburgh Case Study, the case of Corcoran State Prison. Situation and Ethical Issues Involved in Dryburgh Case Study According to Cooper (2012), an ethical issue exists when competing or conflicting ethical principles or values are embedded in a practical problem. This is reflected in the Dryburgh case
Cultural Relativism Culture plays a significant role in the determination of the proper engagement of an individual. Any given act is moral when the cultural dictates believe that the law is moral. Similarly, the immoral acts within a given culture when the societal norms do not conform to the actions. One only needs a cultural approval to understand whether a given action fits to be moral or immoral in the society. All the cultures around the world are equally justified in their beliefs.