Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, Book ll, is about his idea of how people should live a virtuous life. Throughout this book, he explains that humans learn virtue from instructions and we learn virtue from practice too. Virtue is something that is very important because it is a moral habit that results in keeping our moral values. Aristotle believed that nobody is born with virtue, everyone has to work at it daily. After reading Nicomachean ethics, Book ll, my main conclusion of it is that us as humans are better off being virtuous than simply doing what we feel like doing at any moment in time.
Devlin would have thought the act of polyandry to be immoral and disintegrates the society however, being a moderate moralism he would not have wanted to intervene with the privacy of other unless the act has become very widely practiced and start causing harm to the society. However, if the was a law to be passed to make polyandry legal, Devlin would have disagree with this because once it has been made legal it will drive and encourage many to conduct this immoral act. Devlin did not say that every immoral act is to be prohibited. Devlin used the jury box morality of average right minded citizens where moral standards of behaviour are the standards of behaviour of a reasonable man. Will a reasonable man think the act of polyandry as something good and to be done?
Aristotle in his best-known work Nicomachean Ethics, discusses many fundamental things like happiness, friendship, pleasure, justice, human good. He gives us an image of the good (and even best) life and tells how to achieve it, he shows us the difference between false and true happiness, explains how friendship works and why we need to seek for the impossible. After two millenniums his works are still extremely popular and fundamental to every philosopher or anyone interested in this discipline. Like Socrates and Plato, Aristotle chooses virtues to be his main objects of discussion. The first thing that comes to mind when one is asked ‘what is it you want most of all?’ Is human happiness.
The flaws in the death penalty make the act even more horrible. Throughout the history of the death penalty, one can see it as a scream for justice, even though it is morally wrong as humans to play are playing God to one another. A society that is against killing and respects life should not purposefully kill another human being. Societal expectations are that one must have the correct morals intact that fit the norms of society. Regardless of these expectations, the government still denies that, ”An execution is a violent public spectacle of official homicide, and one that endorses killing to solve social problems” (ACLU).
He was greatly influenced by Aristotle, David Hume, and Plato. His main interests were epistemology, metaphysics, and ethics. Kant made the basis for an ethical law from the concept of duty. Kant believed that people should obey the law no matter what their morals are. When we pay taxes, we can use the categorical imperative theory.
Frankl states, “Man’s search for meaning is the primary motivation in his life … This meaning is unique and specific in that it must be fulfilled by him alone; only then does it achieve a significance which will satisfy his own will to meaning” (99). This meaning has to have personal significance. Often, we find meaning in our ideals and values since we can control our world inside of us. You cannot control what happens in your life, but you can control how you respond to the situations you are in. Meaning is unique and specific to the individual because it differs from person to person and from moment to moment.
"Moral desert" is just a philosophical notion that a person deserves something based on his or her actions, and it is not cleared up by equality retributivism because equality retributivism calls for us to "behave barbarically to those who are guilty of barbaric crimes" (Nathanson). Another example of this is imagine a rapist. It would be barbaric and morally unacceptable to rape the rapist. Even though it may seem that those who kill should be killed themselves, it really isn't moral and is not universally
To think that every person knows their future and what 's best for them is silly. I believe in a god who knows your future, and who guides you to make the best out of your life. This is also what is present in Romeo and Juliet’s
A khal should seek only of that which would benefit the people much like Machiavelli’s view that; “In order to achieve success in public life, the ruler must know precisely when and how to do what no good person would ever do (http://www.phi losophypages.com/hy/3v.htm).”, that a khal should be capable of any means necessary in order to accomplish what is needed to lead the society successfully.” the ruler needs to acquire a good reputation while actually doing whatever wrong seems necessary in the circumstances. (Prince 18) Thus, rulers must seem to be generous while spending their money wisely, appear to be compassionate while ruling their armies cruelly, and act with great cunning while cultivating a reputation for integrity. Although it is desirable to be both loved and feared by one 's subjects, it is difficult to achieve both, and of the two, Machiavelli declared, it is far safer for the ruler to be feared. (Prince 17) (http://www.philosophypages.com/hy/3v.htm).” Though being the most virtuous individual is a characteristic of a khal and seeing that in Machiavelli’s belief that virtue could be thrown aside in order to seek the good of the people can be conflicting. The fixation of the common good and the willingness to achieve that through any means necessary is already a show virtue.
If the government makes the decision of expansion, not only the Onondaga tribe will be influenced but also some other tribes and minorities. This decision makes them feel the sense of crisis. They may feel that the government doesn’t pay attention to the protection of culture so the government may lose their trust since if a person betrayed someone before, others would consider this person to be highly distrustful. Therefore, it would be difficult for the government to further regulate other tribes and minorities in the society due to lack of mutual trust. The basic society pattern will thus be subverted.