Ethics And Utilitarianism

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In this reflection paper I will cover chapters topics from chapters four to six of the book entitled "Ethics, Theory and Contemporary Issues" by Barbara Mackinnon and Andrew Fiala.Equally important, I will give my ideas about some ethical theories and I will explain them from my point of view. This essay will focus more in Egoism from chapter 4 and Utilitarianism from chapter five.These topics interest me the most and I consider them important. Each of this chapter will have a short summary, but at the same time and more broa; I will provide examples that prove if I agree or disagree with a certain theory.In paragraph ------- I will prove a brief summary for chapter six, I do not have much to say about chapter six, but I will highlight what…show more content…
Altruism is the concern for the welfare of others and sometimes you have to put yourself aside to make others happy. Ethical egoism, claims that every action that we made is to pursue our own self-interest. These themes are opposite and they contradict each other, because each one supports a different idea.Altruism can be break in Reciprocal egoism, the idea that by doing things for others can benefit us mutually. The question is, Are individuals motivated primarily by egoistic or altruistic concerns? I do believe that most of the time we are primarily motivated by egoistic, but I also believe in reciprocal altruism.Even when we do an act of generosity we get a feeling of satisfaction and at the situation we are mutually…show more content…
Intensity, claims that the more intense the pleasure, the better.Duration,the longer tasting the pleasure, the better.Fruitfulness, focus on the immediately pleasure and on the long-term results. Finally, Likelihood which focus on the probability of something to happen. This are essential to determine what decision we should made that will bring more happiness than punishment at the end. Despite of this some uses of utilitarian reasoning are controversial, because it involves coldness while making a
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