This also explains not only accountant but also management also become unethical if there will be some gain. Analysis: Importance of ethics in management and accounting Each day accountant has to deal with the management just to show the false report of the certain organization. It is unethical to pressure accountant to produce the false report just to maintain the reputation of the business. And it is also unethical to deliberately falsifying its results to hide the cyclical nature if business.
Introduction Professional accountants have a key role in keeping, auditing and inspecting the financial records of individuals or business concerned and preparing the financial and tax reports. It has a unique characteristic which includes the public interest. Whilst acting in the public interest, a professional accountant has certain rules or code to act in accordance with. Ethical behavior is inherent in the practice of accounting due to responsibilities the profession has toward serving clients, the public and fellow practitioners.
In fact, making money at any cost is all what matters, while doing what is right and abiding by the law is not. That said, as a corporate finance student and a business administration major, it is as interesting as important for me to learn about what is considered as unethical in business, in addition to who is enforcing the federal securities laws, proposing securities rules, and regulating the securities industry. B) Unethical Behaviors in Business: Definition To understand what an unethical business behavior means, we must understand what is meant by ethics. Ethics can be
Professional scepticism is an important part of auditing as it necessitates the auditor exercising their qualified judgement in dealing with occurrences and circumstances of a countless number. (Auditing and Assurance Standard Board, 2012). Since the global financial crisis, there has been increasing importance placed on applying professional scepticism and many auditors have been criticised for not using scepticism in their valuation and assessments of factors like going concern issues, fair value judgements and related party transactions. (Association of Chartered Certified Accountants, 2015). Additionally, the importance of professional scepticism is essential in reducing the number errors found in financial statements.
The participants include the board of directors, managers, shareholders, creditors, auditors and stakeholders (Ramadhan, 2012). It further identifies the rules and procedures incorporated in decision making within corporate issues. Incorporation of corporate governance enhances the development of a structure that seeks to enhance proper achievement of organizational objectives through identification and incorporation of social, legislative, market and environmental aspects that directly affect the corporate functions of the organization. The adoption of the Act sought to ensure that businesses adopted high operational standards necessary in influencing the adoption of effective financial procedures that meet the stakeholder interests. Therefore, the adoption of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act within U.S. firms remained instrumental in ensuring that the firm meets the financial obligations of stakeholders through the adoption of the corporate governance
This may sound like loyal workers; it can also be a sign that there is something wrong and are worried that someone will detect their wrong doings if they were out of the office. It is good idea to rotate employees to various task or department within the company. 5. Hire Experts Experts like Certified Fraud Examiners (CFE), Certified Public Accountants (CPA) and CPAs who are Certified in Financial Forensics (CFF) can help in creating anti-fraud strategies and measures. These specialists can provide a wide range of services from complete internal control audits and forensic analysis to general and basic consultations.
The false accounting records were unethical because it means management was enriching themselves. They were getting earnings based on the false availability of funds. They also did this to keep their jobs. When a company is not performing financially well the top positions are the ones usually at risk of being retrenched, as a result of implying the company was financially stable they were protecting their jobs. False accounting also results in duping investors that trust the financial records of the company.
Furthermore, the Oxley act also mandated strict guidelines and reforms to improve the financial sector as well as the disclosures that corporations provide to the securities board in which would help prevent them from committing accounting fraud (Fbi.gov, 2017). This particular act was created, after major companies with public scandals such as Enron Corporation, and WorldCom committed fraud on its investors’. Such act will require legitimate confidence with financial statements as well as crucial penalties for financial crimes committed by companies or
Discussion Organizational crime refers to crime committed on behalf of and for the benefit of a legitimate organization. Corporate (business) crime is a type of organizational crime committed in free enterprise economies and thus involves criminal activity on behalf of and for the benefit of a private business or corporation. Corporate crime takes many forms, including price fixing, kickbacks, commercial bribery, tax violations, fraud against government, and crimes against consumers, to mention a few (Blankenship, 1995). Sutherland’s studies of white collar criminality in the 1940s set a tone and sparked other studies during that initial period. Surprisingly, however, with the exception of a few scholarly works, investigative journalistic pieces,
For example, in my previous work experience as an auditor, I had to follow the Auditing Standards, and Professional and Ethical guidelines, in completing my audit projects. Also as an auditor and a fund administrator, I have to pay attention to details, for example, I identified and corrected some mistakes that seemed insignificant, while they had very big impacts to the financial statements of these related clients. 6. Ability to work under pressure through effective planning and prioritising and being flexible/ adaptive to change.
Due to this reason many of these companies begin to expose financial fraud. The government believed that the impact of these actions was not going to be corrected by the free market economy. Therefore, the government did the necessary to impose legislation and to establish a consistent ethical standard across the country. The major changes of the act can be summarized in the first title of the act with “the creation of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, also known as the PCAOB”
The Ethics of Business There have continuously been complications with the application of moral standards in the business environment. What is considered the correct ethical act on a daily basis outside of employment could be entirely different in a business setting scenario. Numerous philosophers have endeavored to reason out rationalizations as to why ethics is considered different in business and have formulated different techniques of methodizing, representing, and commending concepts of what the right moral action should be in certain business situations. Recently Wells Fargo has been involved in a scandal where the business opened millions of unauthorized accounts to ensure high sales. Wells Fargo subsequently fired around 5300 mid-level