John Locke: The Glorious Revolution

1174 Words5 Pages
Several people know or have heard of the French Revolution, but not many people know or have heard about the Glorious Revolution. The Glorious Revolution cherished the notion of “rights” and granted sovereignty to Parliament. To justify the Glorious Revolution, the philosopher John Locke founded the liberal theory of politics, however, there were those who questioned the Revolution such as Edmund Burke who also created his conservative theory of politics. Locke set the foundation for Classical Liberalism in the book Second Treatise on Government. In the book, Locke laid out six important rules. The first rule was about the natural rights and how there was a shift in the core concept of ethics. During Ancient and Medieval times, ethics revolved…show more content…
Civil Rights Liberalism sought to provide individuals the rights that they should have. Individuals are capable of making decisions for themselves. Free Market Conservatism sets out to diminish government interference. Individualist Conservatives believe that most problems arise “mainly from too much government, which means too much government interference in the operations of the free market” (113). Their solution is considerably simplistic, to “get government off their backs! [To] reduce government spending, particularly for social welfare, and give the free market a free rein, in economic [and] moral matters” (113). In response to the excesses of the French Revolution, which was based on liberal ideas, Edmund Burke who was a member of the British Parliament, wrote Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790). Burke added the following assumptions & propositions: that society is not a contract among individuals, but a “partnership” over generations kept together by tradition; change should take place as progressive "reform" based on "prejudice," the practical lessons learned by past generations and incorporated in their tradition, rather than comprehensive "innovation" based on abstract ideas; there is no single best form of government because government must be rooted in a society 's tradition; and within the British tradition, government should have the following attributes: representative government, the natural aristocracy, private property, and the little
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