Ethnic And Ethnicity

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1. Introduction Identity can take many forms in the society, from gender and sex to culture and family. Not only does identity define who we are but identity also influences the position we have in a society. When we talk about our identity in relation to culture or values, we often refer to the ethnic element. Ethnicity is a form of identity (based on Max Weber’s definition): “members of a group see themselves as similar and are perceived by others as similar by sharing physical resemblance and/or common customs and ancestry” (Hechter, 1976). Even though ethnicity is a common way to assimilate oneself to a group or community, it can also hinder an individual from integrating into the social activities of the host country (Esser, 2003). This can take the form of social conflicts in the education system and the labor market such as education segregration (O’nions, 2010) and unequal employment opportunities (Kraal, Roosblad & Wrench, 2009). What about when it comes to human life? Do social conflicts occur in the health care? Unfortunately yes, even among the most ethical and trustworthy health care professions there seems to be inequalities in health outcomes (Gallup, 2014 & Geiger, 2003). In spite of significant advances in the treatment and diagnosis of most chronic diseases, there is evidence that racial and ethnic minorities tend to receive a lower quality of care than non-minorities (Geiger, 2003). Members of minority groups suffer disproportionately from
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