Consequently, some of the expense to the community regarding how obesity occurs causing medical complications of diabetes, heart attacks, and high blood pressure which produce expense on the economy. Preventing obesity educating individuals and families through the proper eating practices to prevent childhood and adult obesity. The study of sociology regarding obesity could use the theory of structural functionalism that analyzes obesity in the United States. However, millions of Americans remain obese and overweight which affect the whole body through fatty tissue that causes many conditions like high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, stroke and many types of cancer. Nevertheless, obesity in the United States leads to indirect costs of higher medical and psychological costs of around
Through the Summer Urban Health Fellowship, I will be able to understand the health disparities within communities allowing me to help my community medically one day to the best of my abilities. I want to gain new knowledge of the health disparities communities like where I come from, face. Currently, I am taking a class on the health in the Latino/Chicano population. This class has broadened my horizons. It has exposed me to how things such as race, social class, income, access to resources, environment, and many other things has an outstanding impact on the quality and quantity of health care they receive.
Preventing obesity in older adults in America. Obesity is a disorder involving excessive body that increases the risk of health problems. Obesity is known to be a big problem not only in North Carolina, but in America, that continues to grow each and everyday. According to the WHO (World Health Organization), "A person is obese when their body mass is 30 percent of greater"(pp.2). When a person is overweight or obese, it means the person has taking in more calories than he/she needs.
Obesity is regarded as a health problem since it is associated with numerous co-morbidities, including type-2 diabetes, stroke, heart disease and some cancers (Department of Health, 2004). In recent years, statistics have suggested the existence of a global obesity ‘epidemic’ (WHO, 2000), posing a significant challenge to healthcare systems and governments over how to ‘cure’ and ‘manage’ the condition. Consequently, the trend toward increasing prevalence of obesity in older adults will lead to an increase in unhealthy life years and health-care costs (De Caria et al., 2012). This concept of the pathogenesis of obesity as a disease allows an easy division of disadvantage of obesity into those produced by the mass of fat and those produced by the metabolic effects of fat cells. In the former category are the social disabilities resulting from the stigma associated with obesity, sleep apnea that results in part from increased parapharyngeal fat deposits, and osteoarthritis resulting from the wear and tear on joints from carrying an increased mass of fat.
Public health worker can develop sustainable programs and build community capacity for health promotion by taking into account the ecological context of the community from an ethnographic assessment. Public health worker can incorporate findings from their assessment into program development by having lively discussions and distributing information to develop the tailored program in the community. Public health workers strategically utilized these partnerships to design and implement the program. These Community strategies were also utilized successfully to develop effective prevention and intervention programs (including both primary and secondary prevention programs) for Community dimensions of practice skills cardiovascular disease prevention. Focus on communication, collaboration, and linkages between public health workers and the many stakeholders in a community.
Over the past generation obesity has become a major health issue. The term obesity is best describe as someone having a body mass index (BMI) equal to or above the 95th percentile. Within both genders of African American children and adolescent obesity has increased tremendously. Obesity can contribute too many chronic illnesses down the line if left untreated such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, asthma, and type 2 diabetes (Coreil, 2009). Studies have reported that within low income communities 1 out of 3 children are considered as overweight or obese (Ogden et al., 2010).
The rise in obesity and its comorbidities among young is multifactorial in cause, including increased access to foods high in fats, added sugars and calories, larger portion sizes and a sedentary lifestyle. The diversity of these contributors to childhood obesity has made it difficult to design simple, achievable, public health solutions (Australian Health survey, 2011). Studies have been conducted to identify strategies to combat obesity among youth; yet much remains to be understood. But, the mechanisms responsible for the growing occurrence of childhood overweight or obesity are not entirely implicit, unhealthy dietary behaviours have a vital role (WHO,
This is manifested by the statuettes taken during the Paleolithic period of plump women. There are different social factors related to obesity for example discrimination and low self-esteem. It is an important measure in determining the rate of exposure to serious health issues such as heart attack and obesity. The higher the body mass in comparison with the height, the higher the BMI. Individuals with a BMI less than 18.5kg/m2 are considered underweight.
However Emirati health may be in danger due to social media and its negative effects of physical health. To begin with, social media may result in physical health problems such as obesity, heart disease and diabetes, and eye problems, some of which are leading causes of death. One serious negative effect of social media Emiratis should be concerned about is obesity, which is a major physical health problem. A study found that the more time people spend on social media the less time they spend on physical activity (Men’s Fitness, n.d) . This was a research that was conducted by 350 college students that were surveyed about physical activity and social media (Men’s Fitness, n.d).
3.1 Introduction Based on United States Surgeon General researched, its defined obesity is the booming factor cause of disease and this made many of death in America. The World Health Organization (WTO), the obesity epidemic is “a major contributor to the global burden of chronic disease and disability”. Nowadays, the obesity crisis had been fuelled by reductions in physical activity as well as overconsumption of foods especially in high fat and sugar, while researcher has been researching in Institute of Medicine [IOM] of year 2006. Health authorities believe that the accumulation of unhealthy messages communicated to children through food advertising is a leading cause of unhealthy consumption. Furthermore, food advertising is one of the mediums that can be lead to children portrays unhealthy eating behaviours with positive outcomes.
Dr. Lustig’s main focus throughout the presentation was the effects of fructose on the epidemic of obesity. He explains how we as a society place so much stress on fat intake and calories in versus calories out that we tend to neglect what is actually in our food. With much research, it has been determined that fructose does, in turn have an effect on the obesity epidemic. Throughout the lecture, many examples from this research show our biochemical response to our modern diets and are used to explain Dr. Lustig’s point of fructose poisoning. He begins to construct his point by describing how our caloric intake or food intake has consistently gone up over the years and fat intake has gone down, but obesity has continued on a dramatic incline.