Ethnic Conflict Case Study

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ETHNIC CONFLICT AND POLITICS: A case of Kenya, South Sudan and Rwanda
Background
This research is entitle Ethnic Conflict and Politics: A case of Kenya, South Sudan and Rwanda. The purpose of the study it basically explore the relationship between politics and ethnic conflict looking at the case of Kenya, South Sudan and Rwanda. Ethnicity is a phenomenon that socially describes the condition of people belonging to an ethnic group, the ethnic identity leads to a member feeling they are members of an ethnic community (Solomon, Hussein, Matthews & Sally, 2001).
Statement of the problem The intra-ethnic and inter-ethnic relationships it’s mainly filled by interests that are of incompatible interest; access to economic, political space and
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The ethnical differences, the conflict has profoundly led to the impact of inclination and political choices and perception of the prospects for the social and economic development and security. South Sudan is made up of more than 60 ethnic groups, the main inter-ethnic rivalries limited to Neur, Dinka and Murle at a lesser degree. Since 1956, conflict has existed between Nuer and Murle, and the inter-communcal conflict between Dinka and Nuer. The research seeks to examine the relationship between ethnic conflict and politics looking at a case of Kenya, Uganda and South Sudan. The study seeks to answer the questions: What role does ethnicity play? Is there a link between ethnic conflict and political violence in Kenya, South Sudan and Rwanda: In this study, the dependent variable is the election-related political violence, Rwanda genocide and the current war in South Sudan. The independent variable is the nature of political…show more content…
Ethnicity is categorized as ethnicity matters and ethnic groups. According to Rethinking Ethnicity by Richard Jenkins, ethnicity is a social construct and it does exist. It may be looked at as an imagined community but the impact is not imaginary. Our understanding of ethnicity should be re-examined in the aspect of changing the social concept. Edward Miguel stated that ethnic identities remain a aspect considered salient of identity in Africa. The saliency is from ethnicity and it is the reflection of the traditional loyalties to kin and kith. There is a connection between blood links and ethnicity thus, indicating it is not an aspect of identity easily overcome (Anderson, 2005). People mistakenly have the belief that certain social categories such as ethnicity are inevitable, unchanging fact and natural. Paul Brass argues that people believe that ethnicity is a social category not fixed by social convention and practice but by human

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