Ethnic Conflict In Rwanda

1748 Words7 Pages
INTRODUCTION This research paper first briefly outline what is behind the meaning of ethnic conflict as well as the background of the mass murder and the genocide. The research will also outline the types of violence that were behind this genocide in Rwanda. The research will also look at who the organizers of the genocide were, who the killers were, who the victims were, and the patterns of killings. It will then go on and highlight what were the major causes of this genocide and then finally how the violence was solved. Ethnic Conflict Ethnic conflict is a term loaded with often legitimate negative associations and entirely unnecessary confusions. The most important confusion is that ethnic conflicts are about ethnicity— ‘ethnicity is not…show more content…
At the time, the “Tutsi Factor” was largely absent from the Rwandese politics. The principal power struggle was between the northern based in the centre and south, sharpened following Habyarimana’s reluctant opening-up to political parties. Even after October 1990 invasion of the Rwandese Patriotic Front (RPF), a group largely formed of Tutsi refugees in neighbouring countries, the chief threat to the power of President Habyarimana and his coterie was the prospect of electoral loss at the hands of the civilian parties. The political and military opposition, with the support of neighbouring countries, aid donors and ultimately the U.N. Assistance Mission to Rwanda (UNAMIR), set in train a peace and democratisation process that seemed destined to remove the MRND from office. Those in power were determined to block this transition. They tried every trick, including political assassination. It is in context of the political tensions surrounding this momentum towards peace and democracy that the 6 April coup d’état and the subsequent mass assassination of the political opposition must be seen. The killing was meticulously organized in advance the principal instruments used included the President Guard, the army, gendarmes, the civil administration, and perhaps most important of all, the extremist MRND militia known…show more content…
It seems to have been who coordinated the ‘final solution’ activities as long as they retained enough coherence to be coordinated. Next in the line of responsibility is the Defence Minister Major-General Augustin Bizimana, who oversaw the logistics and also influenced the reluctant elements in the FAR so that they would not stand in the way. His military asides were mostly Colonel Aloys Ntabakuze, commander of the paratroopers, and Lieut.-Colonel Protais Mpiranya, head of the Presidential Guard (GP). Other military men who seem to have played an essential role in articulating army resources and militia action are Lieut.-Colonel Leonard Nkundiye, the former GP commander, Captain Pascal Simbikangwa who supervised militia killing in Kigali, and his second-in-command Captain Gaspard Hategekimana. All these people acted at the national level. Locally one can mention Gendarmerie Colonel Nsengiyumva who directed the slaughter in Gisenyi and Colonel Muvunyi who did the same as Joseph Nzirorera, the secretary-general of Mouvement républicain national pour le développement et la démocratie MRND(D), who coordinated the interahamwe operations; Pascal Musabe, a bank director who was one of the militia organizers at the national level; the

More about Ethnic Conflict In Rwanda

Open Document