Ethnic Conflict In Uganda

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1. INTRODUCTION One of the political concerns of the post- independent Uganda today is that ethnicity has been harmful to democracy, national unity and development (Kibanja, Kajumba, and Johnson 2011). The political conflicts in Uganda from 1964 -1966 when the then Prime Minister Milton Obote overthrew President Edward Mutesa, took an ethnic turn. The 1971 coup by General Idi Amin Dada, the 1981-86 bush wars which brought President Yoweri Museveni and later the civil wars in Northern Uganda from the late 1980s have all had the element of ethnicity as one of the driving forces (Okuku 2002). Ugandan society is plural, our human organization is based on the knowledge of different levels of family, clan, village, religion and tribe identity,…show more content…
We might ask why the term ethnic politics should be used in this context instead of the more common term ethnic conflict. Describing this phenomenon as ethnic politics is meant to show that conventional ethnic conflict has taken a more organized form and has gone beyond the level of disorganized or sporadic disagreements. Streets and other seasonal fights between rival ethnic groups may be merely conflict; however when tribes organize political groups to oppose each other over state interests, it becomes ethnic politics. One of the most important questions for consideration is why ethnic politics has emerged as an important factor in Uganda today. Several points are crucial in explaining this…show more content…
Lack of public space identification, Ethnic politics in Uganda is related to the lack of a link that seals a common identity and destiny. As I have already mentioned most of them came to power with the help of the coups and the military (MUGAJU, Justus, & J. OLOKA-ONYANGO 2000), in order to survive, many politicians have used the same tricks in the book; they have pitched ethnic groups against each other. Given the determination of the NRM to monopolize power indefinitely, the situation opens the door for methods that lack any democratic pretense (Mwakikagile 2012). The tragedy for the country is that it has emerged out ethnically organized, militaristic and authoritarian which relies on ethnic chauvinism and resists democratization of the state power, because the system of ethnic hegemony survives on state resources. In the same way as slave trade and colonization were facilitated by African collaborators, they have managed to use the system of hegemonic exchange which has been achieved through tribal alliances and

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