Intra State Conflict Analysis

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Introduction “In societies severely divided by ethnicity, race, religion, language, or any other form of ascriptive affiliation, ethnic divisions make democracy difficult, because they tend to produce ethnic parties and ethnic voting. An ethnic party with a majority of votes and seats can dominate minority groups, seemingly in perpetuity. Some version of this problem informs the politics of a great many severely divided societies. In severely divided societies with ethnically based parties, ordinary majority rule usually results in ethnic domination” (Horowitz 2014.p.1). The world of International politics has experiencing a lot of development in the forms of leadership and governments around the world. These changes have been seen from countries…show more content…
Well this may be true but the question is do democracies triggers intra state conflicts? Are they the source of violence in most of the developing countries? Has democracy failed in most of the countries? In this paper, I will seek to investigate the state of Kenyan democracy with a focus of 2007 post-election violence. I intend to do this by first introducing democracy and the concepts of intra states conflicts. Even though the “term democracy “is believed to have originated from Greece it is difficult for me as a student to write on democracy without focusing on democratic peace. As a result, I will be discussing about democracy with the focus on democratic peace. I will further show that even though democracy promotes peace the opposite is also true when you look at it from within the states. I intend to approach the topic in a two different ways by firstly showing why democratic countries are considered peaceful. Secondly, I will look at the intra states conflicts on countries that are considered democratic in Africa and what has contributed to the rise of high numbers of conflicts in those countries. I will argue that the Kantian approach of democratic peace is a concepts that it is practical in developed countries but it is still a theory to countries like Kenya by showing the condition…show more content…
Furthermore, in this paper I will focus more into the writing of Immanuel Kant and other writers in international relations. Afterwards I will look into why democratic countries have experience intra state conflicts more specifically in Africa. In this, sections I will investigate on what are the causes of these violence during election period and I will be focusing on economic, political and ethnicity division in Kenya. I will further illustrate why Kenya was not been able to combat these violence before they become a centre of attention at the international scene in 2007 after the general election . Based on the theoretical findings I will conclude by arguing that even though democracy promotes peace, Kenyan democracy has failed since certain condition have not been fulfilled by the states in promoting democratic government. Lessons learnt from this case study will be highlighted and possible recommendations for policy makers and future research studies will presented. In order to achieve the above, this paper will adopt a qualitative research design with an exploratory approach. This approach will involve documents, Newspapers, books, articles and desktop

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