In American history during the period the power struggle among various interest groups, ethnic minorities are still discriminated against and marginalized by white and mainstream in society. The majority of immigrants of the Asian
BENEFITS OF DIVERSITY IN NIGERIAN CONTEXT a. Ethnicity/Linguistic diversity: Nigeria is comprised of approximately two hundred and fifty ethno/linguistic groups. However, there are three major ethnic blocks; the other groups are generally referred as minority groups. The minority groups tend to be loosely affiliated to one of the three dominant groups. It is a well established business practice in Nigeria that if you wish to advertise a product you must take pain to be sensitive to the three dominant ethnic groups. Although English is the official language, more than half of the population do not understand and or speak formal English.
There are 250 to 400 different ethnic groups in the country. Each ethnic group has its own peculiar language, traditions, and norms beliefs. There are over five hundreds of indigenous languages spoken within the country, namely: Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, Hausa, Edo, Ibibio, Tiv, and English etc. (Olaniyan; 1985) British Colonialism in Africa created a pathway for missionaries to spread Christianity and the word of the Lord in hopes that the people would see the evils in slave trading. As a result, Nigeria became an attractive spot for Christian missionaries.
Virtually all regions of the african continent have experienced some type of civil conflict or political instability since independence. Countries such as Nigeria, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) have experienced extensive periods of instability. I selected these countries to represent the various regions in
Abstract Increasing inequality in Nigeria has been of growing interest to scholars, international political observers and the Nigerian public since the creation of the country in 1914 by the British colonial masters. The focus of this paper is on the extent to which the practice of democracy in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic has contributed to the reduction of inequality. The paper begins with the dimensions of inequality in Nigeria. The study shows that democratic governance has not adequately bridged the inequality gap in country. The paper further identifies reasons for the failure of democratic governance to address the problem of inequality successfully.
Molded by European ideas, modern Nigerian nationalists in the south opposed indirect rule, as they believed that it had strengthened ruling classes and social hierarchies. The nationalists particularly recognized Britain’s failure to appreciate the antiquity, richness, and intricatcies of indigenous cultures, and thus demanded self-government. In the 1920s, ethnic and kinship organizations, which took the form of tribal unions, surfaced. Major ethnic groups, such as the Igbo Federal Union and the Egbe Omo Oduduwa emerged, leading to identification with ethnicity where none had existed before. (Isichei) These resistance movements and increased nationalistic ideas led to greater tension between Nigeria and Britain, as the Europeans were stunned that the Nigerians wanted to develop independence from Britain, whilst the Nigerians believed that they had every right to
Other ethnic groups include the Kanuri, Tiv, Ijaw, Ibibio, Efik and Annang while the rest constitute very small percentage (Mazrui, 1986). Ethnic groups in Nigeria have varied culture thus leading to immense diversity in culture and way of people.It is necessary to mention that Nigeria is found in the western part of Africa and with major two religions; the Christians and the Muslims
These experiments failed in many quarters and today, the country is paying the price for it. Regional and ethnic bickering has characterized our young democracy since post-independence; this could be attributed to the skewed nature of the country itself in terms of population, human and natural resources. The North has the highest population in Nigeria, amounting to about 33% of the entire population, with the human and minerial resource abundantly settled in the south with fewer population figures. This has been a major reason for incessant and unceasing ethnic skirmishes. The first major skirmish that changed the historical trajectory of the young nation started brewing in 1965 and the following year, discontented young soldiers mostly from the East led by Maj. Kaduna Nzeogwu who at the time felt the civilian government was highly corrupt and inefficient staged a coup on 15 January 1966.
Political Reforms 97. The political landscape in Nigeria as it is today creates disenchantment for the majority of the people. The disenchantment of the people has created a growing army of well-known and dangerous militias that have been tools for the politicians. The reluctance of the government to check these growing armies over time creates a ready pool for the Boko Haram extremists in the North (Abimbola 2009). Many members of the sect today are former members of the political group called “ECOMOG” which was used for political manipulations during the previous regime (DIA 2001).