Cultural identity involves the formation of an individual’s solid qualities that influence on how different the individual reflects on the cultural phenomena and people surrounding him. In addition, cultural identity is the feeling of an individual’s belonging to a group. Indeed, this identity can be inherited or built by the influence of surroundings. Indeed, the question of the cultural identity of the immigrants has been studied by many scholars. Many argued that their identity is fixed and connected to the homeland; however, others illustrate that cultural identity is shared and collective.
In the past decades, a great deal of attention was given to collective identities such as race, ethnicity, nationality, religion, gender, sexuality. It shouts for recognition and respect and sometimes at the expense of other things we value in our life. The likings and disliking of society are the main factors which determine the rules for governance of society. The people who are advanced in their thoughts have conflicts with it. They are preoccupied with themselves with what society should like or dislike rather than whether its likings or disliking should be made as a law to individuals.
Identity struggles are considered to be more social than individualistic, because identifying one’s self ultimately reflects their own history, culture and tradition, and projects their community to the outer world. Sense of one’s own land, being an individual as well as a member of the tribe at the same time, the communal discriminations and the portrayal of the white culture are the essential factors which determine a person’s self-identity. As different social interactions can alter self identities, individual perception of themselves change the social interactions. This is the goal of Stryker’s theory of structural symbolic interactionism. There are two focal points in this theory; the first one posits the self in an interacting social space and the space becomes a reason for the individual’s behaviour towards the society; whereas the latter one is where the individual’s internal thought processes affect the
Though policy making in our society is greatly influenced by a number of actors across a variety of system levels, it is also entrenched with social constructions of various groups in our country. Social constructions, in short, are our perceptions of a target group created out of our social, political, and cultural interactions and experiences of the group in question. Instead of solely focusing on “how” policy forms and the changes, Social Construction Theory (SCT) seeks to explain how social constructions of certain population groups influence the relationship of the very public policies that affect them. Policymakers use these constructions to make superficial judgements about a group leading them to continually establish policies upholding
Pierre van den Berghe emphasizes the role of ethnicity and kinship involving family biological ties to members of an ethnic group as being an important element of national identity. He identifies common descent as the basis of the formation of different ethnic groups. This is logical because one can only be born into an ethnic group and can’t change his ethnicity. He also notes that solidarity and unity among the members of an ethnic group does not always require genetic relatedness, but can also form through imagined genetic relatedness which may or may not be true. Functionalist interpretation of this perspective postulates some advantages to this theory of genetics playing an important role.
Political philosophers: Jean Jacques Rousseau and Edmund Burke had quite opposing viewpoints, particularly on their political ideals. Rousseau and Burke’s perspectives on what the political system should be are directly influenced by the assumptions held in their personal beliefs on the origins of inequality. While they both articulate their positions, there is a severe lack of evidence and sustenance for the underlying assumptions in Burke’s argument of education and the social hierarchy, which is why Rousseau’s concepts are more compelling. However, when compared economically Burkes concepts have greater value. Rousseau's perspective in the Second Discourse initiated the discussion of inequality by distinguishing between the two types: "moral"
From the statement, some may find it problematic. In order to decide which ethnic group need to be defended and given support to, one need to sort people into groups first. The way this cultural discourse talking about revaluing certain ethnic groups and elating their status for equality suggest that our society is grouping population into groups by ethnic origins, which is defined by presumed cultural essence. They sort people this way because they have the assumption that culture is a community of original identity, to which individual belong, and people born into their community will absorb its customary
The intersection of the fields is the question of the correlation of gender differences and ethnical, “racial” differences. It is generally agreed upon that the term ‘race’ is socially constructed, rather than describing biological variances, in order to satisfy the human desire to categorize and to manage difference. The term rests on the construction of boundaries or what defines what is to be ‘included’ and ‘excluded’, resulting from the categorizing efforts during Enlightenment (Nünning, 603). Still, as Henry Louis Gates, Jr., suggests, the term is used as an ideologically effective “trope of ultimate, irreducible difference between cultures, linguistic groups, or adherents of specific belief systems which […] also have fundamentally opposed economic interests” (Gates, 5). He believes that race is merely a metaphor humans invented (Gates, 4).
Precious Knowledge presents the controversial issue of the integration of ethnic studies courses in schooling.Ethnic studies is the study of cultural, racial, ethnic, and gender differences in America. In this essay, I will argue Ethnic studies courses should belong in P-12 schooling, because the classes endorse ideals of America. In addition, people rely on the courses to learn critical thinking of the empowerment of identity. Although advocates for the abolishment of ethnic studies courses argue that the courses create a sense of contempt towards America through racism and are not remarkably significant, they do not fully comprehend the success from ethnic studies and that by taking away the classes, they only promote their fear of students disliking America. Ultimately, ethnic studies promote American ideals, create identity, and only create contempt when being constrained from these courses.
Furthermore, globalization can thus be seen as a vehicle by which the culture of the rest of the world can be communicated into every corner of the globe, in order the unite humankind. Proponents of the phenomenon argue that while it may cause the deterioration of certain groups of culture, globalization gives us the ability to learn more about different cultures, and allows us to choose which culture we want to identify as and become intrinsically part of. From another angle, some philosophers argue that the adaptation and gradual evolving of some cultures show their internal diversity, and how they are constantly changing. Therefore, they believe that cultures should not be preserved in a single state, but rather, allowed to continue changing naturally with time, and we should not force people to continue maintaining tradition if tradition is not something they want to maintain. On the other hand, those who argue for the preservation of the Native American culture cite the necessity of maintaining social values, religion, and customs; cultural norms that can create a sense of unity and community.
Because people choose to believe race is real, race is a social reality. Schwalbe also talks about how who a person is, depends on the social world that person grew up in. This is what creates the cultural differences between people from different countries. These ideas have the power to give people self-sense, as Schwalbe writes “The ideas that hold the social world together tell us who we are” (Schwalbe,
Juan Gomez Quinones, historian and scholar defines culture as a “central concept” that all people share. That concept varies from the group’s behaviorism, habits and beliefs. Quinones believe that factors such as “culture, history, and nationality” are all interconnected which gives people a common ground. Quinone’s calculated language on his concept of culture invokes a sense of similarity and trivial connection between humans. Instead of describing how diverse culture separates people, Quinone’s embraces the ability of diversity to bind people to one large community.
These teachings also define a society as a group of people bound together. In cultures, government corresponds directly with man. It is entrusted to our elected officials to thrust the country towards positive economic and social objectives. This involvement by the state can however cause hazards. Extreme intervention can result in turmoil.