Etienne Balibar: Emancipation And The Notion Of Equaliberty

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Introduction A. Emancipation and the Notion of “Equaliberty” Emancipation is connected to the notion of Equaliberty. However there some aspects of emancipation that has to be explained before investigating the notion of Equaliberty. In Balibar’s works, we can see that emancipation is called “the autonomy of politics ". It raises the question that how politics identifies itself with itself only. Balibar differs from Ranciere in this sense. Ranciere examines the political which refers to an area which politics could occur. On the contrary, Balibar rejects the idea that opens a way to politics. Instead of this, he examines the universality that we live in and finds out that universality is not inclined to establish the community which depends on discrimination or being under the rule of some transcendental authority. 1. The Notion of “Equaliberty” Etienne Balibar explains this term as a portmanteau term in order to show its non-uniformity. This term basically the combination of two terms which are equality and liberty. The main purpose of using this notion is to show that these two terms are the key concepts that determine the political field but not in Rancièrian sense on the contrary with the effects of material and environmental conditions. Balibar rejects the idea that the proposition of equaliberty is essentialist . In other words, the proposition of equaliberty emerges in the revolutionary struggle and it also is a truth which is not possible to reverse when it emerges.

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