Seeing as both cultures are constantly being associated with one another I decided to compare the Cupisnique vessel with a vessel from the Moche civilization, which existed from approximately 100 to 800 C.E. (Module 5.4.). The Moche vessel that was introduced in this course was from The Fowler Museum located at UCLA. The ceramic vessels from the Moche civilization were said to portray warriors, rulers, and gods. Moche vessels were also buried with their owners to accompany them in the afterlife.
This idea did not start with the Greeks but existed in ancient Egyptian culture, where they built temples as places for the gods to reside on earth. In Greek, temples were also the centre of popular gathering purposes such as festivals and sports and artistic competitions, so religion was never far from the mind of an ancient Greek. The most famous expression of classical Greek architecture is the Parthenon of
As shown in Figure 1, Tomb of the Leopards received its' title because of the artwork containing images of two leopards depicted in paint facing one another above the paintings of a banquet. In interpretation, the leopards symbolized hunting activities and perhaps suggest as the properties of the dead. The attendees of the banquet painted below the Leopards are composed of two pair of male and female in the left and right portions of the fresco and a pair of male in the middle, all of whom are dressed in brightly colours. In Etruscan art, females are depicted in fair skin tone whereas males are portrayed in a much darker skin tone, inspired by the Greek, being the convention among greek art depicting males and females during that period. The Tomb of the Leopards indicates a festivity or banquet where women were participated in as oppose to Greek and Roman societies where females were regarded as inferior therefore had no rights to attend.
In the ancient architectural structures, the civilization incorporated their own respective religious beliefs, political views and the socioeconomic factor in the construction. Moreover, these civilizations may have similarities and differences. To begin with, the Ziggurat of Ur and the Great pyramids of Giza are completely from different civilization, however they have similarities in some way. The ziggurat of Ur was built by the Sumerians.They built it with solid mud brick and bitumen. A ziggurat has four sides that are oriented to the cardinal points of the compass.
The Egyptian Empire will always be remembered because of these things that happened in Egypt. Ancient Egyptian religion wasn’t a monotheistic religion, but a polytheistic religion with rituals and offerings to their god to keep everything in place. The religion would take place in a temple(the pyramids) and the Egyptians would do their sacrifices there. The religion also had “the Egyptians made great efforts to ensure the survival of their souls after death, providing tombs, grave goods, and offerings to preserve the bodies and spirits of the deceased”(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Egyptian_religion). Religion in Egypt also made some kings a God-king which made people in Egypt treat the king very well.
Let’s start by finding out a little about societies history with cats, particularly the black ones. They’ve been worshiped by some and persecuted by others but cats have remained close to humans for thousands of years. Egyptians loved them so much that they called them “caute” which means favorite pet. Black cats were worshiped in Egypt because they were believed to have been an extension of the cat goddess Bast and killing them was considered a crime that was punishable by death. In ancient Roman times, it was advantageous to have a housecat, they were believed to bring good fortune and grant domestic peace within the residence.
Since he had wives from the Ammonite, Edomite, Moabite, Hittite, Phoenician, and Egyptian civilizations, he probably also worshipped their gods. Even though there is not a lot known about the ammonite religion, it was very similar to the Canaanite religion. Therefore it was very likely that they worshipped some of the gods of the Canaanites like Baal, El, or Anat. Milcom was also known as the Ammonite’s main deity. King Solomon also worshipped some of the Edomite deities.
Both cultures beliefs were centred around their gods. For this reason, most of their architecture had some sort of religious background. The Egyptian, as well as the Mayan built pyramids; although their intention of use differed. The purpose behind the Egyptians pyramids were to be used as burial sites for pharaohs and the royal families. In the other hand, the Mayans constructed pyramids for sacrificial purposes, as well as for worshiping gods.
This also allowed the gods to recognise the body in the afterlife. The purpose of the spell on the back of the mask, as discussed in the previous paragraph, was to protect the dead body as it moves to the underworld. It is clear that the Egyptians believed in the afterlife, and therefore inscribing Tutankhamen’s Death Mask with spells to protect the pharaohs’ corpse, but the significance of the mask is
Men in ancient Israel were always dominant in religion, although women participated in harvest dances, puberty rites, childbirth and domestic rituals, these activities were thought to only welcome women. Mesopotamian women were thought to be skilled in the art of witchcraft and were often accused, if they were found to be guilty they would be drowned. Mesopotamians usually portrayed goddesses to play traditional female attributes, unlike Egypt where as they didn’t associate their deities with stereotypical gender roles. Hathor, the chief goddess and divine mother of the king of Egypt was praised by my woman and was goddess of drunkenness, love, sex, joy, music, and poetry. Priesthood in Egypt was predominantly the role of women up until the end of the old kingdom, unlike many other civilizations.