“Eugenics is the science which deals with all influences that improve the inborn qualities of a race; also with those that develop them to the utmost advantage.”, has been the definition given by Sir Galton in the article “Eugenics: Its Definition, Scope and Aims” in 1904. Eugenics has been widely discussed since Plato’s intention of having a stronger guardian class in his Republic. However, it was Sir Francis Galton, the cousin of Charles Darwin who developed a modern version of it. () Eugenics, alternatively known as “well-born”, was believed to help the humanity have better traits. Galton supported this idea by studying the elite in Britain.
He also states this claim, “Humanity would take control of its own evolution and kick it into overdrive” (Hayes) which was the need for a policy by giving examples of what can occur or happen if a child is genetically engineered. He backs up/supports his claim by giving examples of the progress made by us in the genetic engineering field. He talks about the discovery of the 5-HTT for reducing the risk of depression and the DAF-2 gene variant which double the lifespan of nematode worm which, if successfully applied to humans, will double our life span (Hayes). His warrant of his claim was that he makes his paper very sound and attractive to the audience or readers. Hayes also passes across that parents want their children to be the best of the
While employing many of the same concepts as utopia, for example, social steadiness created by authoritarian regimentation, the dystopia comprehends these ideas pessimistically. Dystopia angrily challenges utopia 's fundamental assumption of human perfectibility, arguing that humanity 's inherent flaws contradict the possibility of constructing perfect societies, except for those that are perfectly hell-like. Dystopias are exclusively fictional, that presents forbidding, tyrannical societies with the moralistic goal of preventing the horrors they point
In the beginnings, eugenics was the scientific attempts to create genetically perfect plants. Scholars such Charles Darwin, Herbert Spencer and Gregory Mendel focused on mapping out traits that caused variation in animals, humans, and plants, that affected their survivability and adaptability. Inspired by these theories a new ideology of how to improve human race was cultivated, which was based upon the belief that genetically inherited traits were responsible for social stratification. Coined by the European theorist Francis Galton, “Eugenics is the study the practice or advocacy of controlled selective breeding of human populations (as by sterilization) to improve the population’s genetic composition. This paper discusses the medicalization
The scope of Darwinism is centered on the basis that evolution is brought about by the distinctive survival of only the superior individuals in a general pool. As a result of this, different strata or classes are mandatory in a species. With time, the space between the different strata is great enough to the extent that the superior class is granted advantages over the inferior class. This changes brought about by the Darwinism movement brought about the rise of a new movement called the Eugenics Movement and Social Darwinism. Eugenics is centered on the fact that man should control his own evolution process, and this is brought about by the state deciding who is granted the right or ability to procreate.
Morality is a very subjective topic, one person’s morals may differ greatly from another. Philosophers such as Darwin and Marx took it upon themselves to make a hypothesis as to what primarily influences a person’s morality. Darwin states that the greatest influence on human morality is survival; whereas, Marx believes that the ruling class is what manipulates our morality; however, Darwin's philosophy is more accurate due the increased amount of evidence he has compared to Marx. Darwin was a firm believer in evolution and natural selection, and he wrote many works which provided evidence of his hypothesis. His main point was that as a species, including humans, continues to evolve, natural selection chooses the best traits to be inherited
Physical attraction is massive factor that influences a male into choosing a mating partner. One of the reasons for this is the aspiration that males have to produce viable off-springs that will appeal and be very attractive to the opposite sex. The evolutionary perspective predicts that one of the reasons wh by women do not venture into long lasting and secure mating relationship, is to protect and conserve a better gene pool that would be passed on from one generations to another by choosing to be involved in short-term mating (Buss & Schmitt, 1993). The similarities of the interpersonal and evolutionary theory include the simple fact that both the theories rely on physical attractiveness. The evolutionary perspective highlights that males and females depend on physical attractiveness in-order to choose the most desirable mating partner.
I will described the human cloning; historical overview of human cloning. I will also present the ethical aspects of human cloning by taking the overview of two groups; one who support the human cloning and consider the human cloning beneficial and unethical and the other group of peoples who consider
Eugenics is often referred to as the study of how positive and negative traits in humanity can be genetically transferred, retained, and passed down. While there is no discrete creation of this study, Francis Galton is often credited with creating the framework for others to have further expanded upon. In his work, Hereditary Genius, he mentions “illustrious commanders of the highest order” having “remarkable kinships” (Galton, 86). The ideas that
The theory of evolution and the meticulous studies on living organisms made humans think more of their origin and the purpose of their existence. During my Biology course, we learned that evolution states: the best genes usually are the ones to survive thus, they are inherited. Correspondingly, the development of technology and gene therapy were applied to create superior generations as diseases are diagnosed at early stages thus a cure can be found easily. Objectivity through science and statistics is important. One might argue that objective knowledge is the basis of life.