National transportation and communications networks were established. There was also an enormous influx of European immigrants due to the wage difference in America. The success of the Gilded Age was mainly due to the wealthy upper class citizens. Many new businesses and corporations benefited the richer population verses the poor. The Gilded Age was one of the most important eras of the American country that pave the way for new social and economical changes of the country.
In the early modern period, English agriculture passed through a series of changes which led to higher productivity per unit of labour, increased yields, lower share of the workforce involved in agriculture and faster advancement than in other countries. Increased productivity in agriculture implies greater growth in urbanisation rates. This is proven by historical data referring to the differential of change in urbanisation rate between 1500 and 1800. The urban population of England increased almost 7-fold, while average Western Europe urbanisation rate only doubled. Additionally, in that period workforce involved in agriculture dropped from 75% to 43% in England, while in France and Germany dropped from 75% to 61-64%.
Around 1000 to 1300, much of the negative aspects of the Dark Age began to deplete, “the economy of Europe developed and prospered. Available farmland tripled...bringing up the population” (Doc 2). Life began to turn around for the medieval society, their economy began its path to restoration and the advancements of farming led to larger populations. Farming communities were now more efficient thanks to the “Technological improvements like the heavy plow...” (Doc 2). In addition to the increase in population and farming, trade began to make it’s return as well.
Past upheaval and disruption in social, political, and economic realms in Europe allowed for a new period of healing and transformation in Europe. In the time period ranging from 1500 to 1800, Europe underwent extreme social, political and economic transformation. The transformation is shown socially through urbanization, the Protestant Reformation, and the Age of Enlightenment, politically through the emergence of absolute and constitutional monarchies, as well as the European State System, and economically through capitalism and a new market based economy, as well as the new putting out system. From 1500 to 1800, Europe experienced both the emergence of absolute and constitutional monarchies/republics, as well as the European state system.
Following a quarter of a century of war, Europe saw a period of peace from 1815 to 1853. Due to the impact of the industrial revolution, this peacetime saw great changes in the nature of warfare. Mass production and improved technology and communications were at the heart of industrialisation. More broadly, industrialisation had also created a more urban and organised society, able to support population growth. These changes stimulated a large increase in the destructiveness, power potential and size of military forces.
To begin with, the welfare programs started in Japan when the country turned into a modern state during the Meiji period (1868-1912), which was expanded by post WW II two administrations. But in 1960s and 1970s, Japan experienced a rapid welfare growth which put Japan in same in its welfare spending with other OECD countries. Japan’s welfare state is one of the most dynamic and effective system till economic bubble burst. Not only that, it affected the welfare system and its policies all the way to its core itself. But the 1989-1990s economic changes also helped to reform its system.
The most important event in history: Industrial Revolution Context The industrial revolution was the most significant event in history, which started around the eighteenth century towards the nineteenth century in Europe. This great event was the fastest spreading event in human history. The capacity of economy and population growth was unexpected especially at the areas in which it flourished. The industrial revolution benefited almost everyone around the world and brought about new social classes, large cities and countless new innovations including medical discoveries especially in Britain, which based its scientific innovations on experiments and practical work rather than theories and logic, are the great outcomes of this still going event. Introduction The industrial revolution was the cause of innumerable social, political and economic changes in both states that experienced the revolution and states that did not.
Economically, the U.S. had made advances in technology in the late 1800’s. This had allowed farmers and factories to produce more products than the consumers could handle. In 1893, Americans were suffering from a depression where unemployment was high and farmers were suffering from overproduction. Another task the U.S. had to complete was making sure that oversea territories would supply the U.S. with cheap raw materials it could use to fuel the factories located around the country. Another positive side to the U.S. acquiring overseas
The change was called “Demographic Transition”. The birth rate started increasing after the 1800’s and deaths decreased. As health care and countries developed, people gave birth to less children, but deaths were decreasing faster than birth rates, which was why the population increased so rapidly. By the 20th Centaury the birth and death rate equaled out once more, the Demographic transition was complete. Between the 1800’s and
Introduction Apart from many social and economic benefits of urban environments, there are also environmental problems that come along with it. The city is characterized by its ‘brightlights’ theory, which is a pull factor from the rural areas to the urban environments. Pollution has been related to the process of urbanization which is encouraged by economic growth and city expansion of industrial revolution. Urbanisation has been seen as a process of movement of people from rural areas to urban areas as industrial economies grow. The edge for a better life, economic development and civilization pushes for urbanization and industrialization to expand in order to satisfy the growing population.