According to political scientists and sociologists, the basic idea of ‘imperialism’ is the expansion of territory or conquests of foreign lands. But the Marxist understanding of ‘imperialism’ evaluates general changes in the socio-economic and political spheres of the capitalist state and the implication of the bourgeoisie class on the course of its history. The word Imperialism derives its roots from the latin word ‘imperium’ which means ‘to command’ .The general understanding of the word Imperialism is that it is a policy that is used by one nation over another to exercise power on the grounds of ownership of resources, settlements, annexations etc. It is almost synonymous to “colonialism” where one sovereign power transfers its population
Through the examination of two case studies, the effects of Western dominance that results in global inequities can still be seen today. Lastly, mindful action is proposed to deconstruct the unsustainable Western lifestyle. Since the time that Europeans began to dominate the planet, many scholars attributed their dominance because of they had superior culture and faith. However, Bush, influenced by the work of Jared Diamond, a Pulitzer Prize author and professor of geography, offers evidence that reexamines this narrative and looks at the role geography plays in the rise of European dominance. Europeans’ geographic location was the primary reason for their rise to power.
Moreover, in his celebrated book he accurately outlined the Theory of Cultural Imperialism in which he discussed a model of “basic relationships that structures power domestically and internationally’’. Schiller’s theory and analysis of cultural Imperialism was an obvious challenge to the Imperial system and the information-communication mechanisms favoring it (Maxwell, 2003). Maxwell (2003) added ‘‘the struggles around these attempts to formulate policy became extremely significant for Schiller, who began to question the forces promoting policy agendas, as well the prospects for such policy in the international system that he had analyzed. One of the most pressing problems, as he saw it, was the threat that entrenched policy discourses posed to the democratic formulation of new national communication policies’’
The context of Sumner’s speech was a period of United States expansion into new territories as well as limitations of the rights of the citizens of these new territories. The context of Sumner’s speech is significant because it highlights the real threats to democracy and liberty that occurred as a result of expansionism. Expansionism denied people their rights, opponents voiced well founded concerns over its impacts on the essence of America. Document 4 voices concerns over expansionist war and its impacts on Americans. In document 4, the author, Jane Addams, states that expansionism will promote war and violence, destroying America in the process.
From the 16th to the 18th century, world superpowers from Europe and America alike sought to conquer more land as expressed through their colonization of bountiful countries and imperialism across the globe. Early instances of imperialism, including the Portuguese colonization of Brazil in the 1500s and the British colonization of the east coast of North America in the 1600s, had nations sending their own inhabitants to new lands and in search for money and power. The prevalence of the British and Dutch East Indian companies during the 17th and 18th centuries brought these nations highly coveted goods and spices, producing wealth that funded their growing empires and brought them prowess amongst the other powers of Europe. This sentiment extends
It was the beginning of the colonial period after the discovery of America at the end of the 15th century, a new phase of globalization and a new period of hardship for Africa. This was the golden age of colonial imperialism. They conquer China, India and other Asian countries at varying levels. The United States of America completed its control of Latin America, thus laying the foundation of the "world-economy", after they occupy Asia and Africa’ countries and the Western conceded at Shanghai in Central China. Henceforth, capitalism and imperialism govern, directly or indirectly, the whole planet and compel their vision and law across, even if, at that time, the colonial powers’ interests already thwarted the general principles of free trade and the law of the market.
Quijano writes, "Europe’s hegemony over the new model of global power concentrated all forms of the control of subjectivity, culture, and especially knowledge and the production of knowledge under its hegemony” (Quijano 540). This denial and suppression of knowledge and tradition against conquered peoples was again built around the basis of the superiority/inferiority relationship enforced by the hierarchical
European imperialism rapidly increased in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries due to economic, political, and social forces. Technology from the industrial revolution started and advanced the desire for more control that European nations obtained. Economic forces such as “survival of the fittest”, political forces like powers of the government and wars, and also social forces such as segregation of races all contributed to imperialism. Political factors played the strongest part in spreading and increasing imperialism. In Focus on World History: The Era of the First Global Age and Revolution by Phan Thanh Gian, the french imperialism was explained.
Introduction: The industrial revolution allowed Europe to become an one of the economic power houses of the world. Why the industrial revolution happened in Europe and not in Africa will be the subject of the argument. Specific reference will be on the period of the explorers (Ca. 1400-2750) and the period of the industrial revolution, specifically in Britain (Ca.1750-1900). The following aspects will be the main discussion points: Colonialism and its effect on Africa, Geographical location, the cultural difference between Africa and Europe, Human capital formation in both Countries and the institutional development in each continent.
By the early twentieth century, however, much of Africa, except Ethiopia and Liberia, had been colonized by European powers. The European imperialist push into Africa was motivated by three main factors, economic, political, and social. It developed in the nineteenth century following the collapse of the profitability of the slave trade, its abolition and suppression, as well as the expansion of the European capitalist Industrial Revolution. The imperatives of capitalist industrialization—including the demand for assured sources of raw materials, the search for guaranteed markets and profitable investment outlets—spurred the European scramble and the partition and eventual conquest of Africa. Thus the primary motivation for European intrusion was economic.