The invasion of the "New World" by European explorers was a significant event which brought on many consequences. The Europeans, who has been isolated for around a thousand years, were eager to explore this new territory, and impose its beliefs upon the natives. The Exploration and colonization of the New World by Europeans impacted the native peoples in both a positive and negative way. The Spanish introduction of many new trades, as well as agricultural techniques helped the Natives grow society and provided a new source of income. However, the introduction of many foreign diseases, and the violent push to convert people to Christianity greatly outweighed the positive effects of the colonization of the new world.
Reforming the Catholic Church would strengthen it and help it stop Protestantism from spreading. The Council of Trent also tried to spread the Catholic faith to new lands and people The CR could also be considered to be created due to political reasons because the Church tried to regain power in Europe through gaining back lands that had become Protestant. Slide
Spain Spain wanted to colonize America so they could build their empire, create additional trading ports and routes, to expand their military control, and to convert the native people to their religious beliefs. Spain explored america to look for gold. Spain also wanted adventure. Since Spain followed the mercantilism economic method, it damaged local industry, restricted trade, prohibited manufacturing and slowed down town growth in order to create economic environment. This is why Spain was had a huge advantage.
European exploration was brought on by the three G’s: God, gold, and glory. People wanted to spread Christianity whether it be Catholicism or Protestantism, while explorers such as Cortes were looking for gold to get rich and glory to get famous. This age of exploration was able to occur because of technological advances such as the caravel, cannons on ships, more advanced cartography, and the magnetic compass. The impact exploration had on the natives of the New World was changes in the natives culture, enslavement of the native people, and a massive population decrease.
Prior to the Latin American countries gaining independence, the Creole elites expressed great displeasure with the crown and readily equated themselves with the American colonists before gaining independence from Britain. With this ideology, many Creole’s became enfranchised with Anglo-European culture and enlightenment, convinced that this culture would solve their perceived problems. The Latin American Creole’s believed in both Charles Darwin and Spencer, to show that the fittest survive through evolution and that those concepts apply to the society they lived in. Spencer reinforced the belief that science, industry and progress were interlinked, and with the evolution of society their nations would bloom.
Imperialism is a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. It is a great way to strengthen the economy and gain power and territory for countries that practice it, though it often failed and resulted in war and the deaths of innocents. Four intellectuals that played a big part in influencing American imperialism were Frederick Jackson Turner, Alfred T. Mahan, Herbert Spencer and John Fisk. All of these influencers had different ideologies and came together to justify American imperialism. They believed America needed to expand power and gain territories.
The settling of Chesapeake began in 1606 when King James I commissioned a joint-stock enterprise called the Virginia Company. The Virginia Company was invented to be a religious mission, but shortly after stockholders saw it as a source of gold and other minerals. Other products they saw source of were wine, citrus fruits, and olive oil. Investors promoted colonization so that they would have an opportunity to trade with the Indians. Others saw it as a way to relocate the large growing number of jobless people from Britain to America.
However, a key reform that proved to be profitable was the importation of women. This helped improve the family structure. “Conclusion” After the Europeans stole the land from the people who originally inhabited America, order was needed. Colonization was the answer. The “interest in colonization grew in part as a response to social and economic problems.
It was evident in both cases of expansion that the United States was a stubborn nation that would take what they wanted at any cost. Americans risked war and national safety for the purpose of gaining land, or simply proving their dominance as a World Power. Americans pushed aside the Native Americans who inhabited the land they wanted in the early years of expansionism. They believed that the land was
Spielvogel describes “new imperialism” as the new expansion of Europeans for overseas territories. He also says that this new form of imperialism was very closely tied to the rise of nationalism as “newspapers and magazines often featured soldiers’ letters that made imperialism seem a heroic adventure on behalf of one’s country” (Spielvogel p.745). The need for expansion was not always economically driven, sometimes, like in Great Britain, it was used to keep other countries from taking the land themselves. In turn this causes people to promote their own countries expansion and “plays were even written to excite people about expansion abroad” (Spielvogel p.745). The empire builders that did expand, like Britain and the Dutch benefited greatly from this while the ones that were expanded upon (Africa mostly) were forced into a state like those that have been conquered.
In this manner, the Europeans formed the Crusaders against the Turks and Muslims to retake the places known as holly and spread Christianity and European culture all over the world because “the twin legacies of early medieval missionary activity before the year 1000 and of monastic reform in the eleventh and twelfth centuries provided the conditions for translating ideology into practice.” In this manner, the religious missions focused on influencing on other peoples’ faith to convert them into Christianity. Other controversial thing was about the understating of the diversity, and this understanding did not happen as it was supposed to be because an understanding of the diversity would help states to live longer. And understanding of the diversity of the multiculturalism is to respect to other ethnic and religious groups, so the idea of Europe was against this concept, too. Another controversial thing was the Islamic belief of Jihad.
Catholicism and the Ku Klux Klan The early 1900s was a time of change in technology, education, and way of life for the American people. However, with change comes resistance, which was especially seen in Texas with the uprisings of the Ku Klux Klan. The Ku Klux Klan’s hatred went beyond simply that of Negros and settled on people of the Catholic Religion as well.
European exploration and conquest of the New Word were fueled by a desire for wealth, power, and status. They also hoped people would convert to Christianity “First, to hold conformity with the rest of His works, being delighted to show forth the glory of His wisdom in the variety and difference of the creatures and the glory of His power, in ordering all these differences for the preservation and good of the whole” (Winthrop, John). The Spanish also descended on America with hopes of bringing Catholicism to the New World while gaining land, power, and money.
The spread of religion was the justification for most European countries to imperialism and set up colonies in the Americas. Walter Raleigh, and Richard Hakluyt convinced Queen Elizabeth I to support the colonists, through the idea that the “New World’s inhabitants” were “crying out to come and help”, with the intention of converting the Indians to Christianity (52). Although, the intentions for conversion drove the imperialistic ambitions, they were not entirely successful. “The aim of converting Indians to Christianity foundered on Indian indifference to the religious disputes that wracked Europe and the unavoidable reality that churches transplanted to English america had their hands full providing religious services for European colonists” (56-57). Overall, imperialism and conquest of North America by Britain was influenced by religious conversion, that may not have been successful, but helped to drive
I believe the impetus behind the exploration and colonization in the era of European exploration was for multiple different incentives for example, wealth, religion, and fame. Moreover, wealth and power were obtained through trading goods, valuables, gold, silver, lands, and colonies. In addition, looking for the Northwest Passage to Asia and fur trading were critical factors that defined the wealth aspect. Also, converting Native Americans to Roman Catholicism played a significant role in the expansion of colonies. Furthermore, the English came to America in search for freedom of religion.