The first is Preliminary Impact and Risk Assessment (PIRA) which is the basic plan for the RIA that should be completed before proposing recommendations to the Cabinet. PIRA is a document which is intended for agencies to determine whether RIA requirements for which they are responsible apply to a policy initiative, to identify estimated risks and impacts of regulatory options for policy initiative that could be appropriately addressed in RIA, help Treasury policy determine the level of policy engagement. There are the key elements of good RIA which should be the basis for the Cabinet policy development to which RIA requirements apply: describing the status quo, defining the problem and assessing its magnitude, defining the objectives, identification of full range of feasible options, analysis of options, consultation, conclusions and recommendations, implementation, monitoring, evaluation and review. The guidance is quite detailed because RIA deals with different policy problems and that’s why the approach “one-size-fits-all” does not work in this case. These elements should be summarized in the RIS, the second stage of RIA
Congress has the responsibility to check the appointments but this causes a slow-down and allows bureaucratic rivalry to influence the president when he is re-appointing his/her NSC staff when the Congress disapproves. To prevent this administrative issue, I offer a new structure that, civil actors such as; Secretary of
Library, 2011). The other part of the puzzle consists of the Executive branch of government. This branch consists of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet. The Prime Minister runs the Cabinet; he/she controls the ministerial appointments (Parl., 2012). Being responsible for government policy, it is crucial for the Cabinet to have confidence of the House of Commons (Parl., 2012).
Washington’s administration was the part of his first leadership and management of the U.S government and they would be the people working with George Washington during his presidency. b) Precedents were, “acts or statements that became traditions to be followed,” and George Washington placed them to be followed by the administration so there would be order and it would set clear cut rules for the administration. c) The Cabinet was the most important precedent that Washington created. The Cabinet was a group of federal leaders who worked in specific departments of government that Washington assigned them to do. The Cabinets are part of the executive branch and they helped advise the President.
4. The Micro Environment – ??? To determine the best strategic position, it would be essential to understand the landscape of UPS is situated in. Hence, Porter’s five forces analysis is performed to comprehensively discuss the logistics industry in the European Union. The following paragraphs will first analyze the horizontal competition that UPS is facing now, including industry rivalry, threat of new entrants and substitutes; and then the vertical competition, including bargaining power of suppliers and consumers.
GEF and JSCP guide the Geographic Combatant Commander in the development of Theater Strategy. The GEF signed by the President and issued by the Secretary of Defense provides political and military guidance in context of the National Defense Strategy and based on strategic goals of Combatant Commands which forms the basis of the Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan (JSCP). The JSCP issued to combatant commanders, service chiefs, Combat Support agencies, and other relevant DOD agencies and field offices by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS). The JSCP provides functional planning guidance, contingency planning requirements to meet military objectives and outlines resource and force allocations and apportionments for each respective agency or command. The Theater Campaign Plans are then developed by the combatant commands using the GEF and JSCP as the higher headquarters guidance.
The Constitution extensively explains its powers and roles. The Congress members introduce bills for review, approval and debates. The Congress committee may reject or approve the proposal at its initial introduction stage. If the president vetoes the bill, the legislature can try to override the veto (Brandt, 2011, pg. 20).
The judges are not chose by the general population such as the president and individuals from congress, they are delegated by the president and after that affirmed by the Senate. Government judges are delegated forever. They must be expelled from office by death or by arraignment from Congress. This is to permit judges to settle on choices in view of their still, small voice and not on what they feel they have to do to get chose. The three principle branches of the administration are the legislative, the executive and the judicial branches.
Checks and Balances Secondly, the separation of power provides a system of shared powers or checks and balances. By that I mean, that each branch has the power to limit or check the other two. The Constitution gave the most checks to Congress or the legislature. They did this because the framers did not want the president to gain enough power to become a tyrant. A few legislative checks include; the ability to impeach the president or judges, override a presidential veto, pass laws to overthrow supreme court decisions, and propose amendments to the Constitution.
During his presidency, he created variety of programs that responded to the needs and demands of the people. Other presidents such as Abraham Lincoln and Woodrow Wilson, choose to act as “the voice of the people” by understanding themselves to be the heads of their political parties and making executive decisions. It is important to understand that the symbolic importance of a presidency can lead to the transcending of formal constitutional powers. However, what happens when a president seemly transcends his constitutional power, by executive action? When President Lincoln employed a war power when he announced a blockade on Southern ports without the declaration of war (Baker 177), he caused much controversy.