During the 16th and 17th century, Europeans were a force to be reckoned with. Starting with Columbus, a movement was sparked in which claiming the most land was the goal of many European powers. With their guns, germs and steel, European countries worked towards establishing a foothold in many parts of Asia, Africa, and the New World. Strategically having established colonies and trading ports in areas vital to commerce, Europeans were able to create a global trade, connecting many part of the world. In the 16th and 17th century Europeans were a driving force in the globalization, modernization and connections made in the ever-changing and power hungry world they dominated.
From 1500 to 1914, empires began forming all throughout the Eastern and Western hemispheres, all competing for world power, whether it be the economic, land power, or cultural influence. Like many of these empires, the nations of Europe were big advocates of imperialism and world power. The continuity of their use of “European Racism,” and advancement of technology helped them achieve their great power throughout the centuries. While their adaptation of political administration throughout the centuries helped them take over and operate under large native lands, while still having efficient rule. Overall, the continuities and changes in imperial enterprises from 1500 to 1914 led to more advanced and efficient rule among most modern empires.
During the time between 1500 and 1914 the creation of a new modern society surfaced, it emerged from the intersection between scientific, French, and industrial revolution. All of which took shape initially in western Europe. The societies in Europe sparked new ideologies throughout the world for the past several centuries, people start believing in social equality and the the poverty is within reach, ordinary citizen can participate in political life, women can be equal to men, and slavery can be abolished. The growing ability of these modern societies to exercise power and influence changes from one empire to another and also they intersect in certain areas. Europeans were clearly the dominant players in the atlantic world, and their societies
The major religions of Christianity and Buddhism were dramatically changed with the development of the Silk Road during the time period of 200 CE and 1500 CE. Both of these religions became more acquisitive, as they started to adapt some ideas that traveled along the Silk Road. Christianity started to adapt and incorporate some of those ideas. Christians became to assimilate the thoughts of the Romans and the philosophy the Greeks and use those concepts into their own religion as them traveled
Religion, specifically the rise and evolution of Abrahamic monotheism (Christianity, rabbinic Judaism, and Islam), is the defining characteristic, of this era. Religions of the Late Antique period were linked with power and entered into a weird dance between politics and faith. Imperial monotheism served as a rallying cry and the building block of empires. Religion was used equally as a tool for salvation, either of the individual or the community, and to justify law. Constantine and the Christians, the Jews of the Himyarite Dynasty in Arabia, the Manicheists who tried to court the Persians, and even the Zoroastrians who were keen to court their Iranian overlords, all sought to solidify their power, control, and government over regions of conquered peoples by using religion as an emulsifier of different tribal/cultural groups and a tool of state control.
Establishing in the areas of Mexico and Guatamala around 200CE (Carrasco: 116), the Maya people were one of the first (along with the Olmec) to create the key characteristics of religion that will continue on throughout other Mesoamerican societies - including the Aztecs. Unlike Christianity and Catholicism, the Mesoamerican religions consisted of numerous deities that made up the different elements of the universe. Some of the most powerful and common among those being the gods of the Sky, Sun, and Underworld for example. Vegetation also played a key role in religion as each part of the plant had sacred life forces within them that were consistent with patterns of rebirth, an event that proved vital for
The treatment was very poor. They were treated inhumanly as part of property. The slaves were no different than land or food at an auction (Doc 2). Slave auctions were places where slaves were split off from family members to the highest bidders. Many families never seen each other again after being auctioned off.
In the Middle East, power dynamics were shifting with the fall of the Byzantine Empire and Islamic caliphate. In addition to this, religion was becoming progressively more intertwined with society. In the East, dynasties were rising and falling. Each of these events and themes are important to our history. In the West, countries in Europe were experimenting with trade and the economy.
European colonization of other parts of the world was affected by mercantilism due to its ability to strengthen a nation through its attribute to increase wealth. Increased wealth always helped make a nation stronger by building a stronger military and helped it expand the nations influence and supported the lives of others. Its wealth was increased due to the new goods introduced to Europe which was able to be sold to other countries who lacked this good and was able to make a profit from it. Not only that but through mercantilism businesses of all kinds were able to expand and continued to shape up the economy. As Europe began to colonize other parts of the world, such as North and South America, they discovered new goods there such as food
The direct encounter between the European explorers and the native population had had consequences on numerous issues and their interaction led to dominance of the ideas and beliefs. In the context of Columbian Exchange, the old world, roughly consisting of the western countries gained in a number of ways-discoveries of new supply of metals and new prosperous crops and vast arable land (Qian, 2010). The consequences from their interaction gave rise to the improvement in trade as a result of exploring new routes to promote trade and the scientific exploration which eventually allowed Europe to stand out in the global system in the late 17th century. However, along with those improvements, there are many negative consequences that arose as a result of European exploration that still have devastating impacts on the world system today and which are still highly debated