However, according to LaChamber.com back in the 1870’s Skid Row was a place of work. Railroads were new in America by the 1860’s and helped stabilize families economically by providing (predominantly males) a job. Many of the railroad workers migrated to downtown Los Angeles. As railroads became a great demand, a lot of the railroad workers left their home and began living in Los Angeles. By the 1880’s a lot of small hotels began to open as well as bars and whorehouses, because the area was predominantly single male workers it gave the males a place to live and some entertainment.
However, the American economy needed both skilled and unskilled workers and the migration of European immigrants to large cities allowed them to fill the growing number of factory jobs for unskilled workers. Because immigrants needed jobs, factories often got away with having dangerous conditions and paying workers low wages. These appalling conditions also transposed into the immigrant lifestyle in the early 19th century. European immigrants lived in cramped and unsanitary housing called tenements and lived with people of the same origin. Jacob Riis, an immigrant from Denmark, called attention to the appalling conditions immigrants lived in in his work, "How
This surplus of immigrants led to a large working class and a high unemployment rate. This huge increase in the working class and unemployment rate was not met by an increase in police officers. By 1900 Chicago only had a little more than 3,000 police officers. Moreover, these officers often lacked proper training.
Ellis Island was a reception center where refugees, that couldn’t afford first- and second-class cabins, had to check in. In 1907, Ellis Island was receiving an average of 5000 immigrants a day. New immigrants knew little to no English, which made them targets for exploitation when it came to getting a job. They tended to migrate to neighborhoods of their kind, which caused older residents to move out.
All of this changed with the coming of machine production. A skilled worker was no longer needed to manufacture a product.” Instead of getting another laborer they could be taught easily to use machinery, if this person decided to resign they could be easily replaced due to the surplus of immigrants looking for jobs. The Gilded Age was known as the Industrial era for the use of factory systems, and the new inventions of machinery that replaced the need for as much human labor. As a result of this, America in the last decades of the nineteenth century was controlled by labor unrest and incurious workers who are losing their jobs and violent strikes. An example of this was The Great Railroad Strike of 1877.
American cities were rapidly growing in the late Nineteenth Century, which led to new problems. Immigrants from all over were flocking to the big cities of the U.S. Many of the problems (i.e. housing, food regulation, space) can be attributed to overpopulation and a lack of resources. As the cities began to increase their populations, they were unable to sufficiently facilitate the growth.
“Midwestern metropolitan areas have experienced a decline in native workers by 3.3 percent” (Brunswick, 2014) however, the influx of immigrant workers have tripled in the last decade. When the recession began in December 2009 large cities felt the preverbal “hit” first which in turn
But while The Jungle has long been associated with food production (and its disgustingness), the book is actually a much broader critique of early twentieth-century business and labor practices in the rapidly growing cities of the United States. By the time The Jungle was published at the turn of the century, the massive flow of poorer European immigrants into the United States over the previous half-century had changed the demographics of American cities. Many of these immigrants lived in overcrowded, run-down tenement buildings with no access to clean water or proper sewage systems (source). Having come to
Many of the rural population migrated into cities for jobs, while immigrants from Europe also added to the growth of the cities. As a result, from 1860 to 1900 alone, the number of urban areas in the United States expanded fivefold (Source 2). The immigrants who desperately needed employment and the greed of factory owners made the rise of sweat shops astonishing. Around the country low-paid immigrants, including women and children, worked for excessively long
On Saturday, June 21, 1919 Winnipeg went on strike. Thousands of workers in the city refused to work violence broke out in tension rose. Winnipeg was growing economic centre, large number of immigrant workers had settled in the city more so in “the North End” the citizens of Winnipeg were not happy about the immigrant workers settling in the city. The end of the war caused problems for workers, workers unrest came to head in Winnipeg in 1919. The citizens of Winnipeg that were newly settled in wanted to improve working and living conditions, these ideas show some suspicion in the wealthier citizens, most of the wealthier citizens were British-Canadians.