Europeans wanted to have power over Africa so that they can access an abundance of natural resources. The Europeans were able to receive natural resources and the Africans made it possible. They worked hard to mine resources in harsh conditions and were used a free labor. The labor that these Africans produced resulted in the Europeans being wealthy. Imperialism created instability because the African workers did most of the hard work and the “uncivilized people” were forced to change their ways. Many families were separated from each other and children were taught to believe that receiving an education and indulging in Christianity will make them better people. Becoming civilized was mandatory in the Europeans’ eyes. In brief, imperialism created stability for the Europeans, but created instability for the “uncivilized
One main driving force behind European imperialism in Africa is resources. Resources were very valuable back then. Someone couldn't just go to the grocery store and buy what is needed. They had to find it and process it by hand. Africa is rich in resources. By conquering Africa, Europeans would owned those resources. They could use the resources for their own uses or sell
What was the driving force behind European Imperialism in Africa? Between 1500 and 1800 the Europeans knew little about the interior of Africa their presence was to buy and sell slaves for pots, cloth, and weapons and set sail to America. Late as 1870 ten percent of Africa was under Europeans control and most was along edges by 1914 ninety percent of Africa was in control four years later. Due to the countries that held African colonies in 1914 that involved the British, German, Italian, Portuguese, Spain, and Belgian. France and Britain were the main conquer in African colonies, because there conqueror of land in Africa.
goods. Overall, imperialism had a negative effect on those countries who were exploited for much needed raw materials. Throughout the Age of Imperialism, many European countries colonized other parts of the world, and in doing so, altered the social and economic stability within
Within the 1800’s European Explorers forced their way through the insides of western and central Africa. Along the west coast of Africa, European nations traded for slaves, ivory, and gold. Africa was under full assault by the 1800s, as European nations competed with one another for control of the continent. Europe wanted to imperialism (take over) Africa and the forces (what they did) that helped them succeed is the new technology, Nationalism, and lastly the most important industrialism.
European’s taking control over Africa in a new way, called imperialism! Africa definitely changed from the European imperialism but it also benefited from it. Of course not in a fantastic way most of the time. The driving force behind European imperialism in Africa was a serious matter back in the 19th century that changed it for the better, even if it did cause a lot of controversy.
The industrial revolution propelled African imperialism to a level the world had never seen before. During the late 19th century, borders in Europe became difficult to alter and the only way to expand was in other continents like Africa. Europe exposed Africa’s weakness and preyed on them, leaving the continent in disarray. The industrial revolution induced African imperialism for economic prosperity, the rise in cultural and social power, and political motives.
Colonization was rebirth if you will in the later 19th century through the wake of industrialization which gave Europeans a new desire to conquer and established the need to go and claim natural resources to be used in the factories. Many of the larger nations joined in this rebirth with the most notable actions being the Scramble For Africa which showcased the most rapid expansion of European influence ever seen before. "The effects were profound. In 1875, 11 percent of the continent was in European hands. By 1902, the figure was 90 percent."(Cole, 534) Europeans also had significant influence in Asia in which they conquered large pieces of land in India and Indochina in order to establish a strong trade connection. European powers in these regions constantly tough each other for supremacy while completely disregarding the people who live there which lead to many different catastrophes.
Consequently, these countries now controlled the resources found in their respective colonies. European industries, especially those of food, textiles, and automotive, significantly benefited from Africa’s plentiful cotton, palm oil, sugar, metals, rubber, and so on (Document D). Several countries, such as Great Britain, would profit over $20 million yearly in exports following African colonization (Document E).
Economic causes resulted in human desire to gain control, and become rich making it the main driving force in European Imperialism in Africa. Europe did gain wealth and power as a result of imperialism in Africa. European nations recognized the connection between wealth and power and understood that economic control was the way to win the prestige they
European countries such as Britain and France would use their colonies in Africa for economic gain. They would be able to exploit the country’s natural resources and bring them back to the “mother country” to sell and use. The natural resources would be able to be changed through factories and businesses that the African countries did not have. The colonies also provided people for labour. These people were paid in very low wages or would be taken as slaves for the new Europeans who moved to these colonies. New markets for goods were also now
Even though it has been over sixty years since Myanmar was imperialized, remnants of the outcome of imperialism can still be well observed. The language, the clothing, the infrastructures all have been affected by imperialism. These effects may deceive people into thinking that imperialism was all sunshine and rainbows but in reality, imperialism brutally destroyed the different aspects of a country. Imperialism impacted societies in countless negative ways. It led to slave trade which then led to social discrimination around the world. It also damaged the cultures and created disunity among the natives. Last but not least, imperialism stripped countries off their natural resources and left nothing for the natives.
The overall quality of life had improved due to imperialism. For instance, the colonies were able to provide resources for the progressive nations when they were not capable of doing it on their own. By creating a new way of living for them, they were able to “give these people the benefit of other blessings of civilization which they did not have the means of creating themselves,” (Doc. 5). The range of job opportunities that arose was also a major positive outcome of the Industrial Revolution and New Imperialism. Workers were given salary raises and worked fewer hours under improved conditions. With healthier working environments and openings, people were encouraged to work. Technological developments were also a significant factor in the effect of imperialism. New inventions were beginning to take the place of human workers, allowing a faster and more effective production process to take place. With the help of modern machinery, needed resources could be
European countries tried to civilize Africa and succeeded in their movement on trying to imperialize them but only lead the Europeans to making a profit and nothing for the African workers. The only independent African states were Ethiopia and Liberia, the rest was ruled over strong European nations, like Britain and France. European nations ruled over Africa from the late 1800’s to the early 1900’s, King Leopold was one of the most notorious rulers over the African estates, Leopold ruled over the Congo free state and was considered to be one of the richest near his death. What motivated European nations to imperializing Africa were, money, resources, and nationalism.
Europe’s imperialist approach carried deep-rooted social and cultural impacts. Europeans expanded and explored partially by cause of social beliefs. Writers such as Rudyard Kipling shared their position by declaring white people are morally responsible for educating and guiding the ignorant population of contrasting regions. These ideas in Europe changed their social view of the world and shifted the social dynamics within Europe (Doc 1). Imperialism additionally heavily affected Europe’s culture. While Europeans explored disparate regions of the world they experienced the exceptionally contrasting culturing of different regions (Doc 3). Speakers, such as Thomas Babington, expressed that their culture was superior to others. Additionally, in plain light it seems like Europe would be heavily affected economically. Although Europe was positively affected, the overall impact of the economy was limited. The opportunities in other regions deflected Europe’s focus from the option of modernizing their own economy. Therefore, Europe was not as heavily affected in an economic way. Europeans were heavily affected by imperialism socially and