The imperialism began from Africa. Imperialism is expanding nation’s power or influence by direct control of a territory or by controolling econoy and politics. Between 1500 and 1800, Europeans were only seen in Africa to buy and sell slaves from local chiefs. The slave ships anchored off the African coastline and their crews seldom left the ship because of the risk of contagious malaria or other harmful diseases. Europeans were helpless to these diseases.
After the Berlin Conference on Africa in 1884 to 1885, various European countries competed to colonize land in Africa. Many countries were represented in the conference, but the ones with higher power were France, Germany, Portugal, and Britain since they controlled most of Africa during that time, evened so, there was no representation of Africa. In order to not cause conflict, the Europeans wanted to divide Africa among themselves. This "Scramble for Africa" change Africa drastically because European gained control of many of their resources and land. The fate of Africa was in the European hands!
Africa was imperialized by Europeans in 1880s-1940s. Before Africa imperialism they had thousands of different tribes, nations, culture, and languages. Africa had complex trade and different ethnic groups. Europeans took over Africa because abolition slavery, wanted to spread christianity and had new resources. This happened by having more advanced weapons, cooperate with local leader, and took advantage of Africa conflict.
Most great achievements also come with some costs. No matter how big or how small, it is common that there will be some amount of damage left over. There has been a numerous amount of hurt and suffering throughout world history, all over the world and in many cases, it has been the result of one country doing what they think is right for themselves but ends up causing pain towards others. The Industrial Revolution and Imperialism in Africa have been two prime examples of great change. During the era of industrialization and imperialism, the hurt and human suffering that the advancements in technology and societal power caused was not worth gaining all of the new discoveries and improvements for some countries.
“Half- devil and half- child.” (Doc F) Imperialism in Africa was during the 1800s, Africa was being taken over by European countries. The reason why they wanted Africa was because of all their natural resources. They took back all these raw materials to the factories to invent new things and made money off of it. The Africans were like slaves in their own home they had to do all the hard work for the Europeans.
King Leopold II - A cruel ruler in Congo that made profits off of mainly ivory and rubber. He eventually was forced to sell Congo to the Belgian government because people found out how harsh his rule was. Cecil Rhodes - Believed in colonialism and colonized Zimbabwe and Zambia. He greatly exploited the resources there and made a large profit off of diamond mining. He was one of the most significant and influential promoters of Britain's imperial interests.
In the 1870's, Europe developed an interest in colonizing Africa. There were many factors that may have caused this, one of them were believing in Social Darwinism, which is the belief that different types of people also apply to Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection, another being the competition between owning land, which would mean more power, and the need for resources, which Africa had plenty of. European imperialism started in the 1870's, when Africa started being colonized by w. The other countries began to notice with, wanting more power, they began to colonize in Africa as well. Due to Europe dividing up Africa, the countries set up an an agreement known as the "rule of occupation" which was a law that required the country that wanted to colonize a certain area to show the paperwork to justify their action. By 1914, nearly all of Africa was owned be Europe, the only independent countries left were Ethiopia and Liberia.
The Mughal Empire was Muslim in religion and Turkic in culture, founded in 1526 by Babur, a descendant of Genghis Khan. The Mughal Empire ruled India from 1556 to 1707 through a central administration, sectioned provinces led by governors appointed by the emperor, and villages established in the provinces. In later years increased turmoil developed due to an increasingly weak and corrupt government, which persecuted the Hindus. This power breakdown led to British East India Company movement toward conquest of India as it sought to defend its trading posts that had been setup as early as the 1600s, mainly for spice trade. Later, some of these trading posts would grow into major cities such as Madras, Bombay, and Calcutta.
Industrial revolution might be one of the greatest revolutions to occur in human history. During the era of industrial revolution economic and social the lives of people changed and great western cities prospered. Many western nations relied on another nation from raw material they need for their industries. So, western nation and Japan decided to seize control of other nations that have the raw materials. Through imperialism, western nations and Japan spread their rule throughout the world.
Direct British Imperialism in India took place from 1858 to 1947. For about 90 years, the British had total control over the Indian government. The British had also been involved economically with India for about 100 years before the direct control, or Raj, began. Britain gained a wealth of natural resources and markets, which benefited Britain’s economy. India, however, was hurt by British Imperialism, as the cash crops filling their fields caused famine and poverty, and they were blocked from having a role in their own government.
According to the overview, “between 1500 and 1800, European nations traded for slaves, gold, and ivory along the west coast of Africa, but they did not go deeply into the continent.” In 1884, fourteen countries met in Berlin to discuss the division of Africa to prevent war from breaking out.. This meeting would come to be known as the Berlin Conference led by Ottoman Bismarck. Up until 1885, they stated that if a leader wanted to control a certain part of Africa, then they must prove that they have control over that area and that was it. This was the beginning of European imperialism in Africa.