WALTER RODNEY: HOW EUROPE UNDERDEVELOPED AFRICA. “EVERY AFRICAN HAS A RESPONSIBILITY TO UNDERSTAND THE SYSTEM AND WORK TOWARDS ITS OVERTHROW”- W. RODNEY. From the 1800s-1960s Africa has faced European imperialist aggression, military invasion, diplomatic pressure and eventually conquest and colonization. African counties have shown resistance in any way possible to protect the cultural values, tradition and lands from European invaders but there were no rivals to these colonial powers. The European push to Africa was mainly due to the ban of slave in 1807.
“The truth is that neither British nor American imperialism was or is idealistic. It had always been driven by economic or strategic interests.”-Charley Reese. Imperialism is when a strong nation monopolizes a weaker nation for its own welfare. European nations looked to Africa as a source of raw materials and a market for industrial products. In the 1800s, Europe finally made an attempt to explore Africa 's interior after being frightened by its foreign geographics and diseases.
From the 1500s to the 1800s, Europeans never took the risk of going into Africa. However, this all changed when imperialism began in the 19th century. Imperialism is the practice in which a country takes over another country in order to get more power. Because of imperialism, the continent of Africa was taken over by several European countries. To settle the laws of the colonization in Africa, European countries held the Berlin Conference.
Why Was There So Much Imperialism Going On European’s taking control over Africa in a new way, called imperialism! Africa definitely changed from the European imperialism but it also benefited from it. Of course not in a fantastic way most of the time. The driving force behind European imperialism in Africa was a serious matter back in the 19th century that changed it for the better, even if it did cause a lot of controversy. Multiple European countries were fighting/competing for African territory.
What was the driving force behind European Imperialism in Africa? Between 1500 and 1800 the Europeans knew little about the interior of Africa their presence was to buy and sell slaves for pots, cloth, and weapons and set sail to America. Late as 1870 ten percent of Africa was under Europeans control and most was along edges by 1914 ninety percent of Africa was in control four years later. Due to the countries that held African colonies in 1914 that involved the British, German, Italian, Portuguese, Spain, and Belgian. France and Britain were the main conquer in African colonies, because there conqueror of land in Africa.
The Scramble for Africa was the invasion of African territory by European intelligence. The invasion took place during the time of Imperialism which took place between 1881 & 1914.It was also named he Partition of Africa or Conquest of Africa. In 1870, only 10% of Africa was under European control. But by 1914 the European control increased to 90% of the continent. Some parts of Africa were not colonized such as Ethiopia, parts of Somalia and Liberia.
During the 1800’s there was a race to claim the abundant resources in Africa and to force imperialism in the colonies. Before these European countries used the west coast of Africa for gold, slaves, and ivory they did not travel into the inside of Africa due to malaria and other tropical diseases until the 1800’s. So what exactly was the reason for European imperialism in Africa? The biggest reasons for imperialism in Africa are the vast and abundant resources available, nationalism, and the industrial revolution. National pride caused the need to expand their countries and become better than the other European countries.
They held little to no power, which is why when slavery did end in 1807, it continued illegally because the Europeans did not care about the wellbeing of the minorities. The end of slavery did not end the big economic gap between the two groups; even considering the fact that the minorities made up most of the population. For example, according to an article written by Pieter C. Emmer, from the University of Leiden, entitled The Big Disappointment. The economic consequences of the abolition of slavery in the Caribbean, 1833–1888,” the ex-slaves did not become yeomen farmers nor did they improve their income and status as free plantation workers as many had hoped.” In other words, the end of the slavery did not insinuate the end of oppression for people in the Caribbean’s, as well as Latin
The overwhelming growing population of free, black slaves was starting to concern the government of the United States. They feared that those who are still slaves would be motivated to impose for their freedom; therefore, revolt against the government. It was a problem they wished would never arise. In 1817, the American Colonization Society was formed. Their aim was to send free African-Americans in Africa, which they bought land in Liberia for the immigrants to settle in.
Followed by the first age of Imperialism in the 1600s when the Spanish conquistadors sailed the Atlantic Ocean, the second age of imperialism occurred. Imperialism is when a more powerful country takes over a less powerful country. The European rulers came together in 1885 at The Berlin Conference to discuss the new conquest of Africa. At this time, Africa was viewed as a piece of cake and each “slice” was distributed to each European country depending on its power.In the 1800s right after the Industrial Revolution, the Europeans were colonizing the African territory. As a result, Britain, France and the Netherlands had grown more powerful.
Because of European nations who took the rich resources form Africa and sent them back home to be manufactured, no manufacturing or technology was set up or left behind once the Europeans left. Civil war and ethnic violence erupted because of Europeans establishing country borders that best benefitted their interests. The Europeans did not consider the fact that they were splitting up tribes or forcing rival tribes to be a part of the same country. Europeans would favor one group or tribe causing resentment from other groups/tribes. When Europeans left Africa, civil wars broke out across the continent because of how much resentment and rivalry that the Europeans caused.
Walker’s statement on the bottom of page 69 and the top of 70,”what now masquerades as World History is largely fictitious.” raises a serious topic that causes extremely heated debates. Agreeing with the statement, I understand that Walker wants the truth of Africa and its people to be heard and believed. European historians seized and intentionally manipulated history in order to create the idea of them being the founding fathers of the African civilization. When Europeans first began their journeys to Africa they were completely baffled in the discovering of something they were intimidated by. Africa was not a place that was meaningless and worthless, but instead to their surprise it was a place that was rich in culture.
Americans have ”Freedom” most other countries and continents of people do except Africans. To start off conflicts in Africa are caused by the “fight 's” for their rights to independence and rule over their own countries. Independence was not known of until 1994 in Africa. This was the start of Europeans coming over to take African countries to expand their own countries. Violent conflict is unavoidable in Africa and this is because the African countries fight over power, since Africa has proven that conflict is unavoidable.