However, by the 19th century, Europe’s dominance almost came to its end. Many factors contributed but in my opinion, it can be argued that mostly due to the competitive system and bit of industrialization, Europe’s dominance came to a decline. Due to competitive state system, the Europeans competed with each other and this is how the Industrialization revolution came into being as well; to compete with each other. Many problems arose which ended up being the cause of Europe’s rise to end, such as most of the wars were caused by the state systems. The huge Battle of Nations Memorial, which begun in 1871, after
‘The consolidation of royal authority, in the years 1487-1509, was due to Henry VII’s control over the nobility.’ Explain why you agree or disagree with this view.
The early modern era was a time when empires thrived across the globe. The Western Europeans were not the only ones to construct successful empires either. The Russian, Chinese, Mughal, and Ottoman empires added to this phenomenon. Although these empires share many similarities, they also have their differences. During the time, 1450 CE -1750 CE, European empires in the Americas and their Russian, Chinese, Mughal, and Ottoman counterparts are similar in that they all thrived and united diverse peoples and different in that European empires developed something entirely new, an interacting Atlantic World, while the other empires continued older patterns of historical development.
During the 1600s and 1700s a new type of monarch emerged known as an absolute ruler. Some of these rulers were Louis XIV, the Fredericks of Prussia, and Peter the Great. These rulers believed that a monarch had a divine right to rule and should only listen to God. All these rulers had characteristics that defined them as absolutists. Louis XIV was constantly at war during his reign which resulted in a powerful army. Also, during this time period, Frederick William I transformed Prussia into a military state. To become an absolute ruler, Peter the Great made many reforms throughout Russia. However, all these absolute leaders had the same goal. Even though they reigned over different countries, they all strengthened their armies, raised taxes, and unified religion.
Lynda Shaffer has a theory called Southernization. Southernization is the theory that the non-West is enhanced by the ideas of the West through interaction and trade. Chinese inventions such as printing, gunpowder and the compass fundamentally changed Europe. The biggest result of the spread of ideas was the end of the Feudal System. Printing was introduced to Europe circa 13th century CE. Printing in Europe caused a Renaissance and the spread of classical humanism. Humanism is the focus on individual achievement thus leading to more educated humans. Printing encouraged the production of books and an increase in intellectual activity. Printing also lead to a Protestant Reformation in the 16th century CE. The Protestant Reformation was a challenge on Roman Catholic authority in Western Europe. This gave power to kings and political leaders, making Europe a stronger
Louis XIV was the best example of an absolute monarch. Louis XIV ruled in France from 1643 until 1715. During his reign, he ensured that he was in absolute power, and control the whole time. Louis XIV thought that the world should revolve around him. Louis XIV did not do anything for the good of France, he would only do things that benefited him, and he treated the people of France very poorly.
From the 16th to 18th century, countries in Europe were experiencing new ideas and reforms.
Even though Philip II and Louis XIV were both absolute monarchs, they were still very different types of rulers with similarities and differences. Philip II and Louis XIV were absolute monarchs who believed that they should have supreme power over everyone. In addition to this similarity, they both loved art and control over territory shown by the way they prioritized it. While they both share a love for power and art, they do not share a love for each other’s lifestyles. Louis XIV lived a lavish lifestyle while Philip lived a spartan lifestyle. Despite their very different lifestyles, Philip II and Louis XIV both were similar in their way of enforcing supreme power with divine right, and they both made the arts and expansion of their countries
An absolute monarch can be defined as a ruler who rules without any interference from the nobles, having complete, utter and unrestricted rule over his people. Louis XIV of France was a key model of an absolute monarch during the time seen as a man to whom there was no equal intellectually, militarily or physically. His absolute monarchy was one of the most successful during the Age of Absolution, having the longest rule of any monarch in Europe. The king's rule was extremely successful due to his control over both the nobility and his own people, the massive and powerful army that he embarked on creating for his nation as well as the revenue he attained through his taxation of his people and use of mercantilism. France has not since or prior
During the 1560s, Sir Humphrey Gilbert made the "first positive effort" to colonise North America. Although he lacked the finance to explore the New World, he continued his efforts in hopes to find riches in the new land that would help solve the crises that England was facing. It is evident that the English had many reasons that motivated them to colonise North America. One of these factors was the domestic problems that they were facing during the late 16th and early 17th century. England was facing crucial problems to which colonisation seem to be the answer: mass overpopulation was putting a huge strain on English resources, such as housing and jobs, which created further problems of unemployment and a decline in the economy. By colonising
Society's first global age spanned from about 1450-1770 and was characterized by major economic and political growth. People began to travel more frequently and learn foreign notions. This time, however, also brought about a great conflict: the desire of those in power to be in control and the people's desire to be free of control. There came about an exchange of new ideas, different reactions to these radical concepts, and opinions about how power should be distributed.
Like all social identities, there is no fixed European identity. Today we have overcome the monolithic conception of it in favour of a more postmodern definition, understanding it as something fluid or constantly in the process of becoming. Ideas of Europe and about Europe are in close relationship with the historical context and as such they ought to be studied, so that a diachronic understanding can facilitate a synchronic analysis. Paul Valéry’s essay “The Crisis of the Mind” fits well in this framework: the crisis is a crisis of conscience, it’s the awareness that the understanding of the world that once was is no more. Thus, it is an important example of a turning point in the history and evolution of Europe’s identity (or at least of
Absolute monarchies had all the power in Europe. Their kingdoms were powerful and accomplished. Although absolute monarchies empowered and enriched their kingdoms, they were still largely detrimental because of King Louis XIV of France, debt, Frederick the Great’s seizure of Silesia, and the city of St. Petersburg.
Between the 1870s and 1900, Europe faced many social problems within their countries such as unemployment, poverty, homelessness, social displacement from rural areas, etc. Some of these countries included France, Britain, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Portugal, and Spain. Most of these problems progressively arose throughout a long period of instability within these countries. Other big factors were The French Revolution, Napoleonic wars and a widespread change in beliefs. Due to these circumstances, many European countries began to venture elsewhere to expand their real estate, asserting themselves more power. This ultimately led to the establishment of European based settler-colonies in places such as Tunisia, South Africa, Namibia, Angola, Algeria,
The central features of European imperialism; monopolistic Capitalism, the Civilizing Mission, and competition amongst Imperial powers all lead to a shrinking community and globalization of the world’s population. These features helped to create complex trade routes connecting communities around the globe while also introducing interaction between indigenous populations with European colonists. However these relations were not always equally beneficial. Creating linkages between peoples for interaction is the key that each of these features have in common and is the main factor in helping to spread culture and ideals to bring about a globalized world population.