Homer uses similes in The Odyssey to help the reader to understand how one with good reputation acts and how they are father-figures to others. Odysseus returns home with the help of the gods and his perseverance. Odysseus and Telemachus kill the conceited suitors and bloodshed falls upon the godlike warrior’s household. Odysseus’ beloved wife in incredulity of Odysseus’ return doesn’t welcome him. “It would have warmed your heart to see him, spattered with blood and filth like a lion”(Lombardo 354).
In Plato’s The Trial and Death of Socrates, written in approximately 399 B.C.E., his beloved teacher and mentor, Socrates, fights for his innocence against alleged charges, all of which pertaining to atheism, in the Court of King Archon. Whilst defending himself, Socrates claims to possess “human wisdom,” (Apology, 31), and those prosecuting him to maintain “super-human wisdom” (Apology, 31), for they must retain greater knowledge than he. Despite his alleged shred of this wisdom, he only interests himself with the knowledge of the mortal. Through articulating this, Socrates expounds upon the observances in mortal life, and argues that as a human, one should not concern themselves with what lies beyond death, for there is much to explore in
The second, Socrates asks Euthyphro, have you known what a piety is if your attitude is confident that you indict your father for a crime. (Plato (1997), p.77.). Socrates tries to look for one standard definition of piety. Let, have a look at what piety means to Euthyphro. He comes up with the several suggestions about piety: “to prosecute a wrongdoer is pious and not to prosecute is impious”; “what all the gods hate is impious, and what they all love is pious”; “where there is piety there is also justice” (Plato (1997), p.88.).
In reply at first Euthyphro says that piety is what he is doing, prosecuting the person who offended religion by murdering, even though he is his own father. He then further suggests that what is holy is what is agreeable to the gods, in response to which Socrates points out that the gods often quarrel, so what is agreeable to one might
Euthyphro’s father and relatives were angry on him for prosecuting his own father, the family members think that it is impious for a son to prosecute father for murder. Explaining piousness to Socrates, Euthyphro argued “The pious is to do what I am doing now, to prosecute the wrongdoer, be it about murder or a temple robbery or anything else, whether the wrongdoer is your father or your mother or anyone else.” He further argued that Zeus is the best and most just of gods and that he bonds his father because he unjustly swallowed his sons and he castrated his father for similar reasons. After these statements, Socrates objection for piousness started, Socrates questioned Euthyphro that there are other pious actions also apart from this one he further added that to his question that any action of ours or another’s is pious and if it is not that it is not. In these chunks of questions Socrates was trying to identify meaning of piousness in the eyes of Euthyphro. It became clearer for Socrates when Euthyphro replied “What is dear to God is pious, what is not is impious.” It was showing that for Euthyphro piousness is related to the
According to the lecture, piety is a term that refers to what it means to be good or holy in the eyes of the gods. In the reading, Euthyphro gives several different definitions of the term piety. The definition that stood out to me the most was the one in which Euthyrphro says, “…what is dear to the gods is pious, what is not is impious” (Euthyphro, 8). This seems like a simple definition. However, Socrates objects this definition on the grounds that the gods disagree among themselves as to what is 'pleasing'.
While they are in a meeting discussing the Trojans and Turnus and one of Turnus’ men stands up, Drances, and he says to him: “Turnus surrender to king and country their due rights! Why keep flinging your wretched people into naked peril? You are the root and spring of all the Latin’s’ grief’s!”(XI 430-433) This shows that even Turnus’ own troops does not even trust him. Turnus displays jealousness towards the Trojans. He thinks whatever he decides to do in the war is right.
His power took an unexpected fall when a tragedy struck him. It all started with a man who envied him named Cassius that persuaded Brutus a so called friend of Caesar to betray Caesar. From that point on other men who had bad blood running in their veins helped execute Caesar to purge Rome. Unfortunately, this story was titled,” The Tragedy of Julius Caesar” written in 1599 to demonstrate the use of rhetorical devices that helped spice up Shakespeare’s writing and to teach the power of rhetoric. In the passage, at Caesar’s funeral, two individuals get to read their speeches.
The chapter focuses on and follows the dialogue between the two philosophers as they delve into the true meaning of piety and impiety as a means to figure out how Socrates can defend himself in court. The dialogue between Socrates and Euthyphro starts off on the Porch of the King Archon and it is revealed that they are both involved in court cases. Socrates is being accused of having corrupted the youth and Euthyphro is trying his father for the murder of a serf. Socrates has sought out his dear friend’s help because he yearns to better understand the nature of piety. Despite the many ways that Euthyphro could have chosen to respond, he explains it as “doing as [he is] doing” (18).
Brutus uses an appeal to logic to explain how corrupt Caesar was and power hungry. Mark Antony uses emotion to appeal to his audience, speaking of Caesar as his friend and being distraught from his assassination. Both speeches talk of Caesar and how much of a friend he was to the
In what follows, I will highlight some important and/or interesting problems raised by the Euthyphro dilemma and try to show how it refutes divine command theory. Divine command theory states that an act is good if and only if it is loved by the gods. That is, to be loved by the gods and to be good are the same. An important challenge to this assertion, the Euthyphro
In Plato’s dialog, Socrates, the great Greek philosopher, gets prosecuted by the state and put in jail for a death sentence. The charges are being impiety and corrupting the youth. Although, that might be right, people thought that he was prosecuted unjustly. During the last days in prison, Crito, Socrates’s friend, was able to get in the prison and tells Socrates that he should escape with him. Socrates tells him that he should give Socrates good reasons to why Socrates should escape with him.
that there exist instances of intense suffering which an omnipotent, omniscient being could have prevented without thereby losing some greater good or lesser evil.”(Rowe 370) In that case, the theists counterargument is as solid as that of the atheists’. With the G.E. Moore shift, the theists are able to argue for God’s existence without denying the premise presented by the atheists. However, the problem with those two objections is that they don’t necessarily prove God’s existence. For the objections only prove that it is difficult to assume God’s non-existence.
There is conflict between Brutus and Cassius, based on their differences in relationship with Caesar. Brutus, is attempting to make decisions based on what he believes will be the best for his family reputation, and the Republic, whilst not hurting Caesar at the same time. While, Cassius is driven by his selfish desires for power. The conspirators convince Brutus that Caesar wants to be king, which calls into question the basics and morals of the Republic. To quote the play, Caesar is "a serpent 's egg" and so he must be killed “in the shell.” The same point can be made in view of the Republic itself.