In the play ‘An Inspector Calls’ by JB Priestley, Eva Smith is, in my opinion the most important character. Despite her not speaking or being shown even once in the entire play, she is arguably even more important than Inspector Goole, who is used by Priestley to convey his own opinions on society, and the divide between rich and poor. In this essay, numerous points which explain why Eva Smith is the main character, and therefore the most important character in the whole play will be highlighted. Foremost, nobody is willing to take responsibility for what allegedly happened to Eva Smith. This is an important reason for why she is so important.
Eva Smith is a subject of common debate amongst the readers of the play ‘An Inspector Calls’. Priestley is a strong socialist and his views are expressed by the portrayal of the character of the inspector as well as Eva Smith. The entire story revolves around Eva which makes her the protagonist in the play. From the moment her character is first introduced in the play to later as the story progresses and unfolds the story revolving round her makes her the most central character. Indeed, when the play is over and we read back over those first few scenes, her manifestation can be felt from the very beginning to the very end: from Gerald’s ambiguous maneuvers when reminded of his evasiveness ‘last summer’ to Birling’s enthusiasm for lower costs
This depicts Mr. Birling as being a member of the capitalist, industrialist 'bourgeoisie ' class, which immediately paints him in a very negative light from the perspective of a 1946 post-WWII audience. During the play, he completely denies any responsibility towards the demise of Eva Smith, just close to the end he is heard saying he 'd "offer thousands" to Eva Smith – demonstrating that he hasn 't changed that much and will 'pay off ' his part in Eva 's passing. Sheila Birling, on the other hand, recognizes the consequences of her actions, which sets her apart from almost all her family. Sheila’s character is used to represent to the youth, a group in which Priestly is implicitly calling upon; to encourage them to adhere to his ideology, and to be prepared to better themselves and change their behaviour, as well as encourage others to do
There are no excuses to why Jackson couldn’t give the pawnbroker some money than nothing at all. Jackson didn’t really care about his grandmother regalia as he said he did because if you really want something your always going be motivated to work hard to get anything you
During the Victorian era, there were time of troubles such as unemployment, poverty, rioting, slums in large cities and working conditions for women and children were terrible. Victorian novels seek to represent a novel with a variety of classes because they were used to novels about elite and rich main characters. That’s why, he wrote several novels relating to working class and poor working conditions. He fought for children’s rights and opposed cruelty and physical punishment of children. He was known as the greatest England’s writers in the Victorian period and a sympathiser to the poor.
Because most people do not dare to follow their dreams, the viewers idolize his disproportionate audacity to face any challenge that lies in front of him. This trait clearly illustrated in the way he got his position in the advertising agency. In essence, he masterfully utilized the knowledge of Roger Sterling's drinking habits and alcohol tendency to erase memories. In other words, He simply worked around the capitalist system to get a favorable position for his personal gain. Of course, his actions do not resemble the behavior of a virtues man, but Don does not care what a decent man supposed to do.
Rips’ wife was “continually dinning in his ears about his idleness, his carelessness, and the ruin he was bringing on his family” (473). I interpret his carelessness as he gave up on his own property, but he can still find peace in helping others. I think we could say he was nonconforming and he did what he believed is right. He came to the conclusion that there is no use in maintaining his farm so he would help others; that way he can still be helping society and making himself feel better. He was not like anyone else; most people don’t help others instead of doing their own chores.
Beside responsibility, class division and love, lies and deceit are some of the important themes in ‘An Inspector Calls’. Priestley used the characters in the play to symbolise the society of England in the early 20th century, which was full of weaknesses; The majority of the upper class abuse the working class people. The characters in the play were from an upper class family, and they were all involved in the death of working class girl, in different ways. The Inspector was used by the author to reveal their responsibility by making them confess, and by this way, J.B Priestley has unveiled the hypocrisy of the society. Mr Birling is one of the characters in the play that has the most impact on Eva Smith’s death and was most clearly depicted by the author.
The chorus says, “You are right Medea” (L 266). She voices women’s loss of power over their bodies and economies. And how they became trapped in the their own household. Medea explains, “With an excess of wealth it is required/ For us to buy a husband” and notes to not take a “master” is worse (L 232-234). Here she passionately speaks out against the injustices she faces as a women.
The psychological impacts of a patriarchal society are seen throughout the production. Paulina is not only the victim of a crime, but also the victim of a society that has acted in a misogynistic way toward her. An interesting idea that Dorfman explores is whether this victimisation has served Paulina a significant disadvantage. Gender inequality seems prevalent throughout the play, particularly demonstrated through the relationship between Gerardo and Paulina. When Gerardo returns home in the first act, Paulina questions him regarding the truth commission leading to the revelation Gerardo has accepted a job that deals directly with the assault she faced without asking her beforehand.
This would damage business which would therefore damage the economy. The government would have to step in, whether directly or indirectly to maintain the stability of the system. Many workers created unions to protect workers and bully companies. “With the miners resisting, refusing to give in, the mines not able to operate, the Colorado governor (referred to by a Rockefeller mine manager as 'our little cowboy governor ') called out the National Guard, with the Rockefellers supplying the Guard 's wages” (Zinn Online). The government was willing to defend the capitalist businesses from socialist workers demanding more rights.
In The Making of the West it states, “Its leadership argued that despite men’s promises to protect women in exchange for their inequality, the system of male chivalry had led to exploitation and abuse” (Hunt, 780). The men that were in charge were doing nothing to help the women. The women in the working class were especially bothered by not having suffrage and not having equal rights. Helena Swanwick, a German journalist, wrote The War in Its Effect Upon Women. In her book, she advocated equality in suffrage, social, economic, and political status for women (Sourcebook, 408).