This does not exclude a quantitative approach being associated with a post-positivist approach. In contrast, for a researcher who favors interpretive, knowledge is a matter of interpretation (Schutt, 2009) so that the quest for understanding the complex world of lived experience demands that the researcher interact with the research objects/participants to get the viewpoint. The investigator favored a post-positivist approach since he believes that human knowledge can be challenged and modified in light of further investigation. Following is a description of the methodology that was followed for this
As mentioned previosusly, since this is a scientific topic, there will be an enourmous amount of evidence to support both sides. There are so many factors that play a major role with reproductive engineering. Despite that, with the ongoing research, I may be able to settle on one side. Another problem I will face is finding the best source to support my claim. There will be countless graphs and statistics that may be biased, depending on the authors preference.
Science is applied and used to address a specific problem in many ways. One way is the scientific method when it applied to cloning problems. The scientific method starts with your purpose and ends at the conclusion. In between are the hypothesis, experiment, and then analyze. They all help in building the conclusion.
Results of this research evaluation are primarily used for policy-making, personnel allocation, resource allocation, and large scale projects. It is concerned with program effectiveness and outcomes. There are stakeholders who may have an interest on how the program operates and politics tends to play a significant role in summative evaluation. Summative evaluation uses an evaluation assessment to help investigators determine if a program has the necessary qualifications. During the assessment, there has to be clear goals, follow and gather information on the program, monitor the program, develop logical flows for the program, and review the program to determine what aspects are working and what are not working with the program.
This happens, usually, prior to conceiving any conceptual knowledge or relationship hypothesis. This means of research, aids in determining the best research design, data collection method and selection of subjects, all this takes place primarily to explanatory relationship posit Explanatory research is research conducted in order to elucidate the research question, and is systematically explained. This area deals with ‘how, when and why’ subdivision of a research, and is , typically, carried out by means of questionnaires, group discussions, interviews, random sampling,
Having thought about the aims and objectives to evaluate this research study I had to consider the selection of the preferred method of data collection has a purpose. To evaluate a research study to gain in-depth information, regardless the method style of data collection. The choice of collecting the data depends largely on the question which the researcher wishes to obtain information. However each method has its particular strength and weakness, therefore when researcher chooses a research method, researcher need to use the most appropriate method that support the data collection. A research method consists of four methods to gain data, which is questionnaire,interviews and observation.
Understanding and engaging in critical discussion in science needs three domain-specific competencies (PISA). These three competencies require three forms of scientific knowledge: namely content, procedural and epistemic knowledge; whereas epistemic knowledge prevails in equipping the necessary tool to understand science. In this section, I will discuss about epistemic knowledge – what it is (what I considered to be epistemic knowledge in this dissertation), why it is worth to know, how instructions in science classroom informs epistemic knowledge, and whether epistemic knowledge evolve through
Cooper & Schindler (2003) identified that two broad research methods are often used across various studies for logical reasoning. Two broad categories of research approaches are deductive approach and inductive approach. Research approach is usually selected by the researcher depending upon the nature of study and its specific requirements. In an inductive approach, the researcher first begins to collect relevant in accordance to the study under discussion. Once a substantial amount of data in the form of previously conducted similar studies, the researcher tries to understand the concepts and looks for patterns that could provide explanation to our identified research problem.
Research Methods Newman, Ridenor, Newman, and DeMarco suggest that when the purpose of the research is complex, it is necessary to have multiple questions which frequently necessitate the use of mixed methods. Mixed methods have the potential to contribute to addressing multiple purposes and thus to meeting the needs of multiple audiences for the results (Newman, et al., 2002 as cited in Mertens & McLaughlin, 2004). A mixed method design is one in which both quantitative and qualitative methods are used to answer research questions in a single study (Mertens & McLaughlin, 2004, p. 112). Quantitative data is objective, deductive, and uses numbers while qualitative data is subjective, inductive, and uses words. Like Newman, et al.
Research Research is defined as ‘a diligent and systematic investigation/ inquiry into a subject in order to discover or receive facts, theories and to find answers to a problem etc. Research is done when we want to find something. 2. Qualitative research Design Qualitative research is a method of inquiry employed in many different academic disciplines, traditionally in the social sciences, but also in market research and further contexts. Qualitative researchers aim to gather an in-depth understanding of human behavior and the reasons that govern such behavior.
Does the design end itself to a thorough, in-depth intensive examination of the phenomenon of interest? The qualitative design is appropriate to my research question. Given my research project is broad and complex, this design allowed me to refine my ideas and goals. This design allowed me to follow a path that leads to understanding of past experiences or occurrences in evaluating the effectiveness of universal MRSA screening. Likewise, the design helped me what aspect of my research to focus on.
When making an argument, it is important to make proper claims. In the book, “The Craft of Research” Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, and Joseph M. Williams mention two specific types of claims: conceptual claims, and practical claims. A practical claim has to do with assessing and solving a physical problem. Conceptual claims on the other hand, have to do with understanding that there is a problem, rather than convincing them to go out and fix it.