Many theories in Alfred Hitchcock’s movies stem from theories on human behaviors from Freud’s psychoanalytic theories. Psychoanalytical idea are extremely apparent in the film Shadow of a Doubt due to that psychoanalysis is therapeutic, and the way the mind acts by how behavior is affected. Such as comparing the Electra complex, which is similar to the Oedipus complex but relating to females in a familial situation due to the relationship between Charlie and Charles that would show their strange and unethical admiration to be accurate which is very opposed in socially and ethically in society. Such as their relationships is considered to be inappropriate during the film due to their physical contact with each other, which was extremely uncomfortable to watch between an uncle and niece. Another aspect is in James McLaughlin’s essay in A Hitchcock Reader where is compares their similarities “[Charlie’s] uncle ‘heard’ her, that there is a kind of telepathy between them.
INTRODUCTION Freud said that we are only conscious of a small amount of our mind’s events and that most of it rests hidden from us in our unconscious. (boundless) Erik Erikson discussed psychosocial stages. His ideas were greatly influenced by Freud, going along with Freud’s theory regarding the structure and topography of personality. (McLeod, 2008) Freud’s psychosexual theory of development: According to Freud, life was built on both tension and pleasure. Tension was because of the accumulation of libido or sexual energy and pleasure is from its discharge.
Meanwhile first, even though Freud 's stages are related to children, he based most of his theory on his work with troubled adults; he in fact never worked with children. I believed his work was too focused on human sexuality, especially his focus on the Oedipus complex and children 's sexual desire for parents. Some critics of Freud believe the memories and fantasies of childhood seduction Freud reported were not real memories but constructs that Freud created and forced upon his patients. Finally, supporters of feminist theory believe Freud 's theory to be sexist and overly reliant upon a male
2. Overview Child sexual abuse and the effects it has on victims and perpetrators have received much needed attention by various theorist such as Silverman, Reinherz and Giaconia (1996: 710); Glueck and Hammer (1957:326) and Chapman, Dube and Anda (2007: 359). The American Psychiatric Association (APA, 2000 ) have listed various paraphilias in the DSM-IV related to child sexual abuse that are recognised as legitimate mental disorders but hebephilia has long been regarded as a normal sexual attraction. Hebephila is an erotic attraction or sexual activity with pubescent adolescents (aged 11 to 17) of both sexes by an individual at least five years older than the victim (Campher, Bezuidenhout, 2010:44; Blanchard, 2009:335; Glueck and Hammer,
Freud argues that the unconscious molds the personality as it accommodates the id, the ego, and superego (Freud, 1962). Essentially, the id is primitive and is widely believed to already exist at the time of birth. It acts on the pleasure principle, which thrives on hedonism and abstains from pain. However, the id is detached from reality so it can only obtain gratification indirectly such as through reflex actions and mental images (Morris & Maisto, 2013). To really satisfy our instincts, the ego comes into action.
Psychoanalytic theory is a standout amongst the most well-known treatment modalities, however it is additionally a standout amongst the most misconstrued by mental wellbeing buyers. This sort of treatment is based upon the speculations and work of Sigmund Freud, who established the school of thought known as psychoanalysis (Cherry, 2014).Psychoanalysis is defined as an approach to examine the depth of one’s personality (Corey, 2013). The key concepts of psychoanalytic theory are the view of human nature, structure of personality, consciousness and the unconscious, anxiety and ego-defence mechanisms (Corey, 2013).These next few paragraphs will highlight these concepts. The viewpoint of human nature by Freud is deterministic. Freud accepts
On the other hand, postpartum psychosis is the worst form of postpartum mood disorders and is associated with delusions, hallucinations, rapid speech and mood swings, paranoia, agitation, inability to eat and sleep, racing thoughts, and, suicidal feelings. The manifestation, prevalence and management approaches to these conditions vary. Previous studies have shown that postpartum depression affects the mother-child relationship, mother-spouse relationship, as well as the cognitive development and behavior of the child. Although giving birth to a newborn brings joy to a parent, the occurrence of stressors has the potential for affecting parents immensely. These stressors are responsible for postpartum stress/depression and include; fatigue, soreness, baby feeding, high
Another ideal that I liked is the concept of psychosexual stages, that are termed as development. Each stage represents a dilemma which combines the ideal biological choice against the social expectation. The main concept that I like about this personality theory is to find that we are in a constant conflict in our subconscious mind. We are always producing internal drives and controlling them through our own self control which is termed as the superego. Although there is a lot of criticism on this theory, because it uses human sexuality as the fundamental basis of psychoanalysis (Schultz & Schultz,
Introduction Sigmund Freud is the great theorist of the mysteries of the human mind and a founder of the psychoanalysis theory which was formed in the 1800s, the theory is well known for accessing self-identity and the self in different ways in order to discover their different meaning, (Elliott, 2015). Buss (2008) states that Sigmund’s theory of Psychoanalysis offers a unique controversial insight into how the human mind works in a way that, this theory provided a new approach to psychotherapy, thus it means that it provided a new treatment for psychological problems that even highly qualified doctors couldn’t even cure. (Buss, 2008) According to Cloninger (2013), Erik Erikson on the other hand is the founder of the psychoanalytic-social Perspective which is mostly referred to as psychosocial development theory, Erikson became interested in child development when he met Anna Freud and he trained in psychoanalysis and with his Montessori diploma, he become one of the most influential psychologist of the 20th century. His theory describes eight stages of development that occurs in sequence throughout life and unlike Sigmund Freud’s theory, Erickson’s theory is more comprehensive because it encompasses cultural phenomena and mostly applied to therapy with Children and adolescence. (Cloninger, 2013) This essay explores Freud theory of Psychoanalysis and Erikson Psychosocial theory, analyzing, comparing and contrasting the two theories looking at the basic tenets and assumptions
Sigmund Freud (1917) is one of the most influential thinkers and psychologist of the twentieth century in the field of Psychology. He found that the unconscious is the source of inspiration and one’s active mind is a way to hide thoughts and desires from awareness (Gabriel, 2011). In general, the Psychoanalytic model of personality can be divided into three structures: Id, Ego and Superego (refer to Figure 1 in Appendix 1). The first structure of Psychoanalytic Model is Id. King (2009) defined Id as the Freudian build of personality that concern with unconscious drives and the individual’s reservoir of psychic energy.