In addition, he states a good man would not allow himself to be executed without a fight or attempt to save himself. Also, he is causing shame to all of his friends. Furthermore, he is bringing more shame because he has the ability to escape but does not. Lastly, everything that occurred was unjust and should not have taken place. However, Socrates is not convinces because he needs to be guided by reason.
Aristotle conceives ethical theories in his time.He divulge the ideas of the goods and morale by studying the nature of arête (“virtue”).Proposing that we humans of the world is oblige to do what is right,do our duties and moral for our humanity . Aristotle search for the good is a search for the highest good and highest good has three characteristic: it is not desirable for the sake of other good and all other good is desirable for sake. ”What we need, is a proper appreciation of the way in which such goods as friendship, pleasure, virtue, honor and wealth fit together as a whole”(Aristotle) He wrote his ethical theories for us to be able to know and to apply it in our daily lives in general understanding in our particular cases.Aristotle set virtue and excellence are required in doing anything.Aristotle was known to two ethical treatise: Eudaimonian Ethics and Nichomachean Ethics. .Both treatise tells the nature of purpose of human morale. Eudemian ethics,came from the word eudaimonia which means happiness,is a fruitful work of Aristotle from Nichomachean Ethics.The greek word eudaimon is composed of two parts:”eu” means “well” and “daimon” means “divinity” or spirit”.To be eudaimon is therefore to be living in a way that is favor with God.But Aristotle regards a mere substitute for eudaimon as “living well”.
He is unwilling to give up his logic and, along these lines, is indicted because of his powerlessness to accommodate as society plans. As aforementioned, Meursault’s way of thinking separates him from others as he is seen as “different”; however, in actuality that is not the case. Albert Camus makes a progression of characters in The Stranger whose qualities and inspirations reflect those that are neglected upon by the normal man. Camus creates different characters and situations that show genuine compassion which has a tendency to have been disregarded because of the reality of how average it has moved toward becoming. Camus consolidates the characteristics of the characters by assortment, consistency, and everybody's
Explain the various parts of this definition. Virtue, then, is (a) state that decides, (b) consisting in mean, (c) the mean relative to us, (d) which is defined by reference to the reason, (e) i.e., to the reason by reference to which the intelligent person would define it. (a) Aristotle claims that each virtue is a state of character that influences decision-making. It 's a character trait or tendency, a disposition (to make certain decisions, behave in a certain way, etc.) (1106a20) (b) Virtue must constitute a middle ground between two extremes: an excess and a deficiency (1107a4) (c) But the mean may not be the same for everybody, as arithmetic means are (1107a7) (d-e) Mean is where prudent person would put it.
Falstaff is a character who represents the perspective of those who do not have a side or a reason to fight. Falstaff appears as one who does not care about anything, but truly he is mindful because he knows there is nothing worth for him to care about giving him no purpose to develop any class or respect for others. He represents the lifestyle Hal runs away to and stands as friend and father for Hal. Even in their immature adventures or Hal’s moments of greatness, Falstaff has an underlying lesson towards Hal to not forget what or who truly
Virtue ethics, primarily founded by Aristotle, was the dominant approach in Western moral philosophy until Enlightenment .Its importance re-emerged with the dissatisfaction associated with deontology and utilitarianism, two theories unable to address issues such as moral character, moral education, friendship etc. Virtue ethics emphasize moral character and virtues, focusing on three central concepts: virtue, practical wisdom and eudaimonia. Cultural Relativism is the view that holds that moral truths cannot be applied universally, and that each person should be morally assessed based on his culture/society. This paper discusses relativist objection faced by Aristotle, its arguments and the responses offered by Aristotle, in addition to anticipated objections and Nussbaum’s responses in her paper “Non-relative virtues: An Aristotelian Approach” A major objection Aristotle faces is the relativist view connected to virtues. Contemporary virtue theory holds that criteria of ethical goodness are internal and different across societies, and therefore reject the concept of a single norm applied to all human beings.
In philosophy, there are many interpretations as to what ethics are correct for that time frame. One such form of ethics was Nicomachean ethics, written by Aristotle. With his ethics, Aristotle goes to great lengths to explain, for the most part, why humanity does what it does in a reasonable and rational manner. He goes over what “good” is, and why people strive to get to that “good”. However, there are some problems that arise when trying to discuss Aristotle’s ethics.
Spielvogel, Western Civilization, 64. 4. Spielvogel, Western Civilization, 64. making them think for themselves and question where their ideas are coming from. As well as this, it was his desire to also help men realize that they did not know everything and that they were not as wise as they believed themselves to be.5 Socrates himself realized that the only reason he could be considered "the wisest man on earth" was because he knew that he did not know everything. He says in his trial that neither he nor a man he spoke to "appears to know anything great and good" but that the other man acted as though he knew something, when in reality he did not.
He also is not guilty because he cannot tell the difference between fantasy and reality, and he cannot control his own morals. So, why not give this man a second chance? Everyone deserves
Goodman Brown still appears to have confidence in his own particular good convictions, yet he has lost his confidence in whatever remains of the world to hold these convictions. Goodman Brown 's own particular absence of confidence on the planet has made him unforgiving on the grounds that he accepts no one but malevolence can be sired from detestable and there is nothing that should be possible to transform it. As opposed to seeing the positive qualities in individuals and their activities and excusing their wrongdoings, Goodman Brown just dislikes them and trusts individuals to be fakers. In all reality, it is Goodman Brown who is the poser since he trusts he can condemn the individuals who sin, yet he doesn 't mull over his own particular sins. " 'You have heard however it was stated, "you might love your neighbor and detest your foe" 'yet I say to you, adore your foes, favor the individuals who revile you, do great to the individuals who detest you, and appeal to God for the individuals who angrily utilize you and abuse you, that you might be children of your Father in paradise; for He influences the sun to ascend on the malice and on the great, and sends rain on the only and on the unjustifiable '".