Evaluation Of Piaget's Theory Of Cognitive Development

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Piaget 's theory of cognitive development is a broad theory about the nature and development of human intelligence. Although it is commonly known as a developmental stage theory, it also engages with the nature of knowledge itself and how individuals get to acquire, construct, and use the knowledge obtained. Piaget state that cognitive development is an advancing reorganization of mental processes as a result of biological maturation and experiences experienced in the individual environment. Children build an perception of the world around them, then experience differences between what they have known and what they find out in their surroundings. Apart from that Piaget argues that the concept that cognitive development is at the center of human organism and language is dependent on cognitive development. Piaget states that operative intelligence frames how the world is understood and it changes if understanding is not successful. He state that there are five processes children use to build their knowledge of the world which are schemes, assimilation, accommodation, organization, equilibration. Schemas are mental illustration that sort out knowledge. For example baby 's schemes are sucking, looking and grasping while elderly children 's schemes are planning and problem solving. Assimilation explains how individuals observe and adjust to new information. It is the process of taking one 's surroundings and new information and adjusting them into current existing cognitive
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