Stanford Prison Experiment (1971, Zimbardo): Aim: To study the two following problems: “1. The development of norms which govern behavior in a novel situation. The creation of a psychological environment within the physical environment provided. 2. The differential perception of the same situation "the prison experience" from people who are initially comparable (from the same population) but arbitrarily assigned to play different roles.” Purpose: “A simulated prison will be established somewhere in the vicinity of Palo Alto, Stanford, to study a number of problems of psychological and sociological relevance.” Taken from: http://pdf.prisonexp.org/geninfo.pdf Participants: Educated, male, American university students, with no prior psychological issues.
The Zimbardo’s prison experiment, also known as the Stanford Prison Experiment, main purpose was to investigate the influence of situational factors on behavior (Brady & Logsdon, 705). This ‘constructed situation’ involved young, male volunteers being cast in the dichotomized roles of guard and prisoner in a simulated prison environment (Bottoms, 163). The experiment was use to see if brutality truly existed between the guards and the prisoners. The findings were quite upsetting. The young males went through an ordeal that eventually lead to psychological abuse.
The Stanford prison experiment is one of disturbing experiment in human history. It is planned by Philip Zimbardo to grasp causes of conflicts between military personnel and prisoner. In August, 1971, He builds mock prison under the Stanford University’s basement and constructs two weeks experiment. He recruits a sample from common people and allots participants into two groups, prisoners and prison officers, by random assignment. Surprisingly, both groups adapt to their assigned role, even none of them has a mental disorder or an idiosyncrasy: the prison officers become authoritative, assaulting and abusing prisoners, and the prisoner obey to ridiculous edict and become passive and pessimistic.
To briefly explain you the plot, I will just cover specific elements in the novel that made up the plot diagram. Our exposition was an introduction of characters. Alex commits many crimes in the futuristic English state. In the rising action, he is imprisoned for his crimes. His new name is 6655321 and there, he meets with Prison Chaplain who is the good guy and the Minister of Interior who was basically the bad guy.
The rules and regulations stated that if a prisoner even had a stench about them that they would be sentenced to punishment. Some of the punishments would include up to fifteen days in the dark cell, a cell made entirely out of granite with only a small ventilation shaft to let any light in. Depending on the infraction committed, the prison guards would often drop snakes and scorpions down the shaft onto the prisoners. The prison rules consisted of some of the following restrictions: Prisoners shall not in any way deface the walls of their cell. At the ringing of the morning bell, every prisoner will turn out, dress.make up his bed neatly, and be ready for marching out.
The Stanford Prisoner Experiment Review PSYC 1111 – University of the People The Stanford Prison Experiment was an infamous psychological experiment conducted in the early 1970s by Dr. Philip Zimbardo. He sought to find an explanation for the dehumanizing, deplorable conditions found in many prisons. Psychological theories at the time were based on a dispositional hypothesis in which it was the natural disposition of the guards and prisoners from before they even entered the environment that lead to the behaviours that caused these poor conditions. This experiment was designed to challenge these theories by removing the possible effects of disposition while emulating as closely as possible all other aspects of a prison environment. The only hypothesis proposed was merely that the assignment of a ‘guard’ or ‘prisoner’ role would result in significantly different behaviours, emotions, and attitudes.
(“The Stanford…”). The volunteer subjects were casted into two groups, guards and prisoners. The prisoners were searched naked and given dresses to wear. Meanwhile, the guards were given uniforms as well as weaponry such as clubs and were told to do whatever they had to do to maintain order. The Stanford Prison Experiment raises ethical questions because there were many unsound strategies and procedures being used such as: torturing and teasing, violation of rights, and exploitative relationships.
In 1971, Philip Zimbardo, then a professor of psychology at Stanford University, devised one of the most famous psychological experiments of the twentieth century. In what is known as the Stanford Prison Experiment, he assigned twenty-four young men roles as prisoners and guards, and observed the group dynamics that ensued. To his horror, the study had to be shut down after just six days because the guards were psychologically abusing the prisoners. When the Abu Ghraib story broke in 2004, Zimbardo immediately spotted parallels with his research. He later testified as an expert witness on behalf of Ivan "Chip" Frederick II, a former staff sergeant sentenced to eight years for his role in the abuse of detainees.
He has this technology where he clones people in his office by getting some of their DNA and processing it into the technology. The people from the office that are in his game did something in the pass to offend him and now he his making a clone of them suffer for it. Robert also gets the clone of the co founder to do what he wants in the game by threatening to put the co founder. He says that he will clone the co founders son again and throw him into outer space. Robert still has the boys DNA because he got his hands on one of the boys lollipops.
Factors Contributing to the Self-Legitimacy of Prison Officers Bottoms and Tankebe (2012) define the dialogic nature of legitimacy, i.e. power holders’ legitimacy and self-legitimacy. Self-legitimacy is a process of constructing, affirming and resisting certain self-images of the power holder (Tankebe, 2014). Prison officers enter into interactions with “audiences” (e.g. prisoners) with the view of demonstrating and affirming certain possible selves or identities, which are believed to be justified holders of power (Tankebe, 2014).