Probably the two most corruption in the field would be economic and political. Economic corruption is where you sacrifice of the principal's interest for the agent's interest (Vargas-Hernandez). This is where you are making a profit for your personal interest. Political corruption is where an agent abuse their power. Under these categories the forms of corruption is sexual misconduct, professional courtesy, gratuities and grafts.
Wealthy people have a higher income and consequently spend less of each marginal dollar, which caused the economic growth to slow. Economic inequality is also one of the reasons of the Great Depression that occurred in the United States in August 1929. The Great Depression period was when the country first went into an economic recession. This period caused massive unemployment and an economic downturned. Income inequality can also cause a lower demand.
However, corruption has also attracted much attention from other social sciences, particularly from political scientists, and more recently from anthropologists and sociologists. In order to understand corruption, one cannot overlook the importance of political factors. Originally, it was thought that corruption was due to deficiencies in the political system, and particularly in the “democratic deficit”. It was viewed that corruption was caused by a political system that was lacking democratic checks and balances, accountability and transparency. The relationship between corruption and democracy is fundamentally understood as the less democracy there is, the more rampart corruption is.
An action may be recognized as a crime in one social group while the same action may be acceptable in another group. Social labeling can lead to formation of a stigma, which is a negative label that changes both a person’s self-concept and other’s behavior toward that person (Conley, pg. 209). Symbolic interactionists believe that social labeling and stigma influence an individual’s behavior; therefore, after the primary deviance, the subsequent acts of deviance occur because of social labeling and people’s expectations. Functionalists such as Durkheim explain the social deviance and social control in macro-level as they study “generalizable trends” and “broad social forces” (Conley, pg.
The Better Business Climate model undermines unions and makes this worse for workers. When unions are strong, they can bargain and win better wages, working conditions, and benefits. Also, according to the Jobs, Wealth, Income, and Our Future Handout, as unions decline, the middle class disappears. With no middle class, there is just the upper class and the lower class, which means great income and opportunity gaps. Therefore, according to the same handout, the top 1% has accumulated nearly 40% of America’s wealth.
It affects the distribution of real income, people on fixed incomes suffer as the purchasing power of their incomes decrease as price levels rise. Secondly, purchasing power od households on fixed income decline, as inflation tends to result in more unequal distribution of income as those on lower incomes find their wages do not rise as quickly as those on higher incomes. In times of high inflation household tend to purchase real assets that retain their real value since their prices rise faster than the inflation rate. Finally, another negative impact is the income tax earners suffer from fiscal drag pay rises to combat inflation put them into higher marginal tax brackets. This means as employees’ nominal wages increase with inflation their real wage (purchasing power of nominal wages) may remain constant.
He states by having so many of them taking up the low-skilled working jobs in America they are actually creating an increase in wage inequality. He states that by decreasing the numbers of low-skilled workers in America that it would actually reduce the wage inequality and strengthen the wages for people in those
JUDICIAL CORRUPTION What is Judicial Corruption? Corruption is the abuse of power for the purpose of getting personal advantage which easily adjusts to circumstance of incorrect conduct by justice workers or of staff involved in decisions giving support to the justice system. Justice system define judicial corruption any act through which workers in the justice system are negatively impacted that affects the independence of judicial actions for the resolve of obtaining an unlawful benefit for themselves or other person. Judicial corruption refers to corruption related improper of judges, through receiving or giving bribes, not proper sentencing of convicted criminals, bias in the hearing and judgement of arguments and other such misconduct, any act through which workers in the justice system are negatively influenced that affects the impartiality of judicial proceedings for the purpose of obtaining an unlawful benefit for themselves or other persons. There are two types of such negative influences upon justice: The first incorrect influences affecting the independence of justice as a system or the independence of judges as individuals stress factors acting on justice.
Wealth inequality inevitably has a major role in america's current poverty level, which in turn could possibly lead to crime. One major benefit of wealth equality would be a significant drop in the current crime rate. Many crimes are committed in low income neighborhoods.This is a result of the limited resources in these areas, such as jobs, hospitals, schools, and other basic necessities. Wealth equality would fix these issues by giving them more opportunity and creating new jobs. It would also slowly drop the crime current crime rate over time, causing the economy to also improve in the
The criminal justice system is not blind to the wealthy, in fact it favors them. The second rule of the Pyrrhic defeat theory states, “Failure to treat as crimes the harmful acts of the rich and powerful” (179) Rich people also commit crimes, yet the perception of a criminal is usually perceived as both a minority and poor. Rich people also commit crime, but they receive more of a slap on the wrist and second chances than less privileged classes. People in power who happen to be rich have the authority and influence to create a narrative of the threat of poor people to the masses. The consequences of the narrative of the threat of the poor creates a broken system where there become two courts, one for people with money, and one for those without.