For example, bilingual helps to assimilate native and migratory minorities, which is a means of language planning. At other times, bilingual education is a core in language revitalization & retention. The perspective of language planners is extremely and important and necessary means of language maintenance, revitalization, and overturning language skills.
7 Key Benefits of Being Bilingual 1. Greater Cognitive Skills Bilingualism has been seen to enhance essential brain functions for focusing on demanding mental tasks. Then when it comes to creativity and problem-solving, studies have shown a distinct advantage for children who speak two languages. It 's believed that their brains can process and sort through information more efficiently than monolingual individuals. Since they must subconsciously choose words from a certain language, they gain more practice at selecting vital information over trivial details.
There are multiple approaches when looking at the way immigrant children or children from immigrant families should be taught. The most common types of bilingual programs analyzed are Paired Bilingual, Transitional Bilingual Education (TBE), Dual Language (DL)/ Two-Way Bilingual Immersion and English-only Immersion. In the Paired Bilingual program children learn in their native language and English. Researchers like Baker, Park, Baker, Basaraba, Kame’enui, and Beck (2012) compared PBE and an English-only program on ELs. It was believed that if the proficiency skills for Spanish were high then the students comprehension skills in English would be high too.
Foreign languages should be taught in elementary schools because learning a language provides cognitive benefits, is easy for children in particular, and is useful in the work force. Learning a foreign language exercises the brain and improves learning ability. According to Mary Lynn Redmond of Wake Forest University, students enrolled in a foreign language class tend to score higher on standardized tests, such as the SAT (“Foreign Language Important in Elementary School”). “Learning languages helps increase listening ability, memory, creativity and critical thinking,” she says. These skills are vital to academic success.
Another benefit of being bilingual is the ability if utilize and expressideas in different languages. When people are confronted in a situation and they have to provide answer for particular question then bilingualism enable individual to find the appropriate word from two different languages thus it help them to provide best answers. It also allow one to rely on their skills and enhance their cognitive skills. However, it is also indicated that cognitive abilities of a bilingual individual is sharper than an individual who can only speak one language(Bialystok, Craik, &Luk, 2012). This has been observed that such people have great skills of accent neutralization, syntax understanding and code switching.
In my second component, I would like to write about bilingualism, bilingual language development and learning in children and show my own bilingual profile. Firstly, bilingualism is commonly defined as the use of two languages by an individual. It is a kind of system in children and adults who have a proficiency in two languages and it may change depending on the opportunities to use the languages and exposure to other users of the languages (ASHA, 2004). Many researches show that there are so many people who are bilingual. For example, In Canada, 11.9 % of the population speaks a language other than English or French at home (Statistics Canada, 2007).
Definition of bilingualism The notion of bilingualism is frequently connected to the idea of code-switching since a person should have ability to speak using two or more than one variety. Researchers have made countless studies describing bilingualism as they create awareness in different ways. To begin with is Bloomfield (1933) who defined bilingualism as having the “native- like control of two languages”. However, Haugen (1953) pinpointed that bilingualism is the ability of a speaker to communicate and understand an additional variety. This is to mean that the concept of bilingualism exist only when an individual of a certain variety has the capability to communicate effectively in an additional variety.
More than half of the world‘s population is bilingual and many researchers are captivated to explore how language and thinking collaborate, that is, what cognitive abilities are affected by bilingualism and to what extent other factors like language proficiency and age of acquisition are predominant. In the early years of a child’s life the development of both speaking and reasoning occurs at an astonishing pace therefore such research has comprehensive implications on child development and education, and offers theoretical and practical benefits to human cognition. Just several decades ago it was widely considered that young chilren should not be exposed to two (or more) languages as this may lead to confusion and slower cognitive development.
Bilingualism is slowly becoming a popular “trend”. Those who are able to speak a second language at an advanced level and not only, are clearly considered by the society intellectually capable of great things. As a bilingual, the individual must not only know the grammar rules or achieve a high level in communication. He also has to study the cultural background of that specific language. Knowing a second language has a major impact on one’s life.
Aural means related to sense of hearing and oral related to verbal communication. Surely when the student is getting better in both listening and speaking they will reach communicative competence. Communicative competence refers to the level of language learning that enables language users to convey their message to others and to understand others’ messages within specific context (Hymes, 1972). Of course to reach this competence, both listening and speaking improvement is really needed. The Aural-Oral approach is very effective to be implemented in English Language Teaching in case to build communicative competence of student.