Greece was divided into individual city-states that each had their own form of government. Most notable, however, was the democracy of Athens and the oligarchy of Sparta. The driving force behind all of Greek life and politics was this concept of arete. While arete differed between Athens and Sparta, this lust for excellence became the driving force behind their democracy and oligarchy. The geography of Greece did not allow for a strictly central government, and so, the Greeks adapted.
The answers given may be; a society where everyone votes, or by dictionary definition “a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of the state; typically through elected representation.” However when analyzing the etymology of the word democracy we come to find out that demos means the people and kratia means rule or power in greek. As stated in the article “The Problem with Democracy Today,” contrary to other political institutions who holds the power is not clearly stated “if the regime is a
The government in ancient Athens was governed by a radical democratic system from 508-322 B.C. and was very different in its size and how the system allowed all males to participate in the government. The Peloponnesian War effected their government when the oligarchy party overthrew the democracy and replaced it with the modern regime of the Five Thousand. Athenians spent almost 100 year fighting to restore democracy and defeat the Spartans and their allies the Persians. Their style of government goes back even before the Peloponnesian War around the time of 620 B.C.
A pure democracy is defined as a type of government where the population determines all political policies directly. The majority vote always wins. Although this may sound fair, pure democracies allow the majority to tyrannically reign over the minority; this could be applied to ethnic groups as well as states. With the Electoral College, smaller states are
Another factor that shows the difference between Athens and Han China are their types of government. Document 4 is a quote from Pericles, an Athenian leader. Pericles stated, “Our form of government is called a democracy because its administration is in the hands, not of a few, but of the whole peoples” (Doc 4). This quote here shows the main difference between Han China and Classical Athens. IN Athens, which upholds direct democracy, all free male citizens are entitled to vote, while in China, only the emperor and his advisors can.
Democracy, a noun that means the society is governed by the people, a system of voting, and majority rules. In ancient Greece, demokratia, otherwise known as democracy can be battered down into demo, and kratia. Demo, meaning the people, and kratia meaning the power or rule. Together it means rule by the people. The purpose of this essay is to prove that ancient Greece wasn’t truly democratic.
In Athens, the write to participate in public life meant that you had to be a free adult male citizen that was born to Athenian parents. Woman had no rights to participate in public life. The Boule in Athens had a structure which was determined by how wealthy a citizen was in accordance to how high of a public office that was held. There were three main categories, 500 Bushel men, 300 Bushel men and 200 Bushel men. In Sparta on the other hand political rights was somewhat opposite.
The Constitution allowed one vote for each legislative representative. The votes were based on the population from each state. Virginia being the most populated at the time James madison and Thomas Jefferson wanted the voting to be based on the population so that they would have a large voice in the law making which created the House of Representatives. Alexander Hamilton didn’t agree with this reasoning at the time so he devised a way to have equal power from each state. He said that he would move the capital from Philadelphia to somewhere in virginia if the smallest state could have equal power.
How did people in Athens and Sparta obtain the right to participate in public life and make decisions affecting the community? Who held public office? What rules governed the selection of public office holders? In Sparta, the first line of decision making opportunity for the public was the group called The Assembly. As long as a citizen of Sparta was male and free, they were considered members of the assembly.
2). The style in which these governments were set is called a democracy (doc. 2). In this form of government the people have a voice and cast votes for their laws ( O.I.). However in Athens there was a direct democracy where every indval voted on everything (doc.