Evolution Of New Year Essay

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The Evolution of New Year's Eve

New year celebration is one the oldest events observed in the history of the world. The Babylonians were the first to observe it some 4000 years ago. They were followed by the Egyptians, Persians, Phoenicians, and the Greeks. However, each had their own ways and reasons for the celebrations. Even the dates of observation were different. The Babylonians celebrated the new year's eve on the first new moon that followed the vernal equinox. This was the day that appeared in the third or fourth week in March. During this time, the day and the night were equal. According to the earliest recording, the Babylonians had the culture of celebrating new year for 11 days. Even the style of celebration were different each day. They adapted the rituals of celebrating the new year as a festival named Akitu. On the contrary, the other mentioned ancient community celebrated the new year on fall equinox, except the Greeks that observed it on the winter solstice.

Change in the Roman Calendar

The Romans were the first to invent calender that was of 10 months with 304 days. For them, the new year was the beginning of the vernal equinox. It is said that the system of counting days and months were
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It brought in a system whereby the days, months, and years were calculated based on the movement of the sun and the stars. This solar-based calendar established the practice of considering January 1 as the new year. Thus, the first day of the first month of the year came to be known as the new year and is still treated the world-over.

January was named after the Roman god, Janus. The Romans observed this month in honor of Janus, the two-faced god with power to peek into both the past and the future. On the first day of January, the Romans adorn their homes with the help of laurel branches. They offer sacrifices to the Janus, exchange gifts, and have wild

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