Evolution Of Urbanization In China

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Evolution of Chinese Cities Before and After 1978 China’s economy has been undergoing lot of transition in terms of rapid economic growth and foreign trade. Chinese cities have changed drastically. Many of these cities have evolved from fishing villages to world class cities. In addition, there has been a rapid growth in the Pearl River Delta Regions of Guangzhou and Shenzhen which has led to a rise in the GDP in China. Earlier urbanization was slow, but since the 19th century, western countries embarked on technological advancement, which resulted to the industrial revolution and hence this boosted the urbanization rate. The factors contributing to the formation of cities include industries and tertiary production like transportation, production pattern for the spatial process of urbanization, and the political and social factors influencing the process of urbanization. Chinese Cities have evolved in terms of division according to the population as well, for example, before 2003 - Extra-large cites were considered to have 1 million and more people but since 2003 they are meant to have 2 million populations and more. Similar transitions can be seen for Large cities, Medium cities and Small cities. Urban development trends can be divided into four periods – The adaptation period, Great Leap Forward, Urban-Rural Convergence and Reassessment. The four periods discussed above cover three decades beginning in 1949 and ending in 1979, three years after Mao’s death. Major

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