Popper 's work on political philosophy is also of great importance. In his work he not only claimed that liberal and open society is the best form society but also justified his claim to a major extent. Popper in his work argued against great philosophers such as Marx, Hegel and Plato. Popper argued that the growth of
He also agreed with the two characteristics of Vienna Circle; first, the empiricist and positivist, where knowledge can only be obtained from experience and secondly that scientific conception can be obtained by logical analysis. Thus, Popper believed that scientist should be critical and they should be able to test their views with empirical evidence and rational discussion. However, he rejected positivism especially logical positivism and questioned the principles of ‘inductivism’ and ‘verificationism’. Popper rejected classical inductivist views on the scientific method and was in favor of empirical falsification which he is well known for. Furthermore, as David Hume had already showed that experience cannot be verified, Popper believes that only falsification can be used for empirical process of
STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT 1. Empirical Scientific Approach Auguste Comte (1789-1857) French legal philosopher who is considered as the founder of the sociological school of jurisprudence. In fact it was he who coined the term 'sociology'. He propounded what is known as ‘scientific positivism’, which is the scientific method to study sociology. He was a mathematician and believed in learning by empirical methods.
Karl Popper is one of many greatest philosophers of the science world of the 20th century . He was not only a philosopher of science but also socially and politically , he was quite critical and if he felt like a theory does not add up he will argue and correct it so it will be made logical .Popper was reasonable and realistic when it came to theory 's he was an enthusiastic man of science and also in human activities .When Popper was a young man he went to a Realgymnasium (a secondary school for young boys to help them go to university in the future ) , there he was not happy at all with how they wear teaching him , he went ill and that caused him to stay at home for a quite a time , In the year 1918 he went to attend the university
This metatheory of social constructionism was first introduced in 1966 by Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann’s The Social Construction of Reality. This book established a new ground of psychological knowledge, “As the combined product of a sociologist (Berger) and philosopher (Luckmann), this book set the stage early for the relevance of an SC approach to multiple disciplines and for the emphasis on the role of language in shaping human understanding of the world” (Leeds-Hurwitz). This book is referred to as the obvious choice for a place to start if you what to begin and the beginning. The subject of social constructionism was deemed as the work of post-modernist. This theory of social constructionism is so relevant to the field of psychology because it directly deals with how people think.
Karl Popper: Problem of Demarcation and Falsification as Criterion of Demarcation Karl Raimond Popper, born in July 1902 in Vienna, was one of the most influential philosopher of science and political thinker. Since his childhood only he had interests in social and political issues. This made him join Association of Socialist School Students, an association based on Marxist ideology. But very soon he found the theory to be disillusioned of the doctrine character of the theory itself, and then he entirely disengaged himself with it and became supporter of social liberalism all his life. This in fact, helped him clear his thoughts for his coming theory on problem of demarcation.
Erving Goffman introduced this concept into the world of sociology for the first time in his book published in 1959 entitled 'The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. ' He believed that there is no real true self and everyone acts within these two bands. He further believed that humans find the need to establish a social identity and this method is how they go about it, subconsciously. People don 't necessarily live their lives with the aim of operating in front and back stage, it happens naturally. Nobody wants for people not to like them so people naturally try and present themselves as best they can when with people/during interviews etc.
Karl Marx’s Sociological Perspective There are few people that combine sociological perspective with other sciences, this is a unique style created by the sociologist Karl Marx. Even though he is considered to be one of the founders of sociology do to his contribution with this science, few people know his true career; most people don’t know that he was truly a versatile man. Apart from his social science career, he was also an economist who made many contributions related to capital management; he was also a column writer for the newspaper of Cologne, but his true career, and the one he was really interested in was politics. He considered himself as a ‘’revolutionary socialist’’, making people twist his phrases and quotes for their own favor
He perceived around him the prevalence of anomic a personal sense of rootlessness fostered by the absence of social norms. More and more of his thought became concerned with education and religion as the two most potent means of reforming humanity or of moulding the new institutions required by the deep structural changes in society. He became a well-known sociologist famous for his views on the structure of society. His work focused on how traditional and modern societies evolved and function. His theories were found on the concept of social facts, defined as the norms, values and structure of the society.
Structuralism is worried with the general structure of society and the way social establishments go about as a limitation or breaking point and control singular conduct. Structuralism offers a perspective of the individual being controlled by the society they live in; Marx and Durkheim are comparative in that they can both be depicted as structuralisms, and however their individual thoughts are to some degree distinctive. Functionalism, the structural agreement sociological theory is a key theory that was produced by Emile Durkheim, one of the establishing fathers of sociology. This theory considers society to be a user structure of between related social foundations, for example, schools and the lawful framework that is in consistent agreement. Functionalists trust