a. Sociology is the study of the social relationships that affect the humans as well as institutions. It involves many fields of study that include crime, religion, family, race, culture and society among others. It is the primary purpose of sociology to provide linkage to all of these different subjects to help in understanding how humans behave (Smith, 2016). b. Sociological enquiry is the careful analysis of the motivational factors as well as the behavior of a certain individual within a particular group of people.
A society involves a specific culture. According to Tylor (1958) , defined culture in its broad, ethnographic sense, as “that system which includes a belief, knowledge, art, law, morals, custom, and any other experiences and practices as a member of society.” Therefore, culture can also
Most fields of science rely on theories to explain centrally important issues, such as social phenomena, that have a wide range of applications. Sociologists attempt to describe human society though their theories, such as the structural-functionalism theory, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionalism. While the three theories attempt to describe how society functions the way it does, all three differ in their views of how humans are related to society and each other. In the structural-functionalism, the dominant view is that if the structures that exist are functional, then those structures should be preserved and maintained. Structure-functionalists tend focus on the interrelatedness to the social structures that make up society.
Introduction 1. What is Anthropology? Anthropology can be defined as the study of humanity. In anthropology we study the mankind or to understand the people as they understand themselves. Anthropology is holistic it is a holism; it is the study of whole of human condition e.g.
Functionalism is the complex biological model of the society which formulates the structure and function of the social system and also analysis the process of evolution as a whole. Basically, it analyses regarding society and interconnect different parts by building relationship holistically. So, initially questions have been made by asking how society can hold together when all
people have different views on politics and each person within the organisation has the right to their own opinion. Sociology: Sociology is the scientific study of social life. It observes today’s society and investigates how it became the way it is today. It also looks at the factors that influence society and how these have an effect on people’s lives. Society is defined as a group of people with common interaction and culture, and sociology analyses the different ways people interact and how they form their culture.
Ethnography: Ethnography is the deliberate investigation of individuals and societies. It is intended to investigate social phenomena where the specialist watches society from the perspective of the subject of the study. An ethnography is an intends to speak to graphically and in composing the way of life of a gathering. Ethnography, as the presentation of exact information on human social orders and societies, was spearheaded in the organic, social, and social limbs of humanities, yet it has additionally gotten to be mainstream in the sociologies when all is said in done humanism, correspondence studies, history—wherever individuals study ethnic gatherings, arrangements, sytheses, resettlements, social welfare qualities, materiality, otherworldly existence, and an individuals' ethnogenesis. The average ethnography is an all encompassing study thus incorporates a concise history, and an investigation of the territory, the atmosphere, and the natural surroundings.
In the context of social research, reflexivity at its most immediately obvious level refers to the ways in which the products of research are affected by the personnel and process of doing research. These effects are to be found in all phases of the research process from initial selection of topic to final reporting of results. While relevant for social research in general, issues of reflexivity are particularly salient for ethnographic research in which the involvement of the researchers in the society and culture of those being studied is particularly close. In the process of ethnography not only the personal history of ethnographers but also the disciplinary and broader sociocultural circumstances under which they work have a profound effect on which topics and peoples are selected for study. Moreover, the relationship between ethnographers and informants in the field, which form the bases of subsequent theorizing and conclusions, are expressed through social interaction in which the ethnographer participates, thus ethnographers help to construct the observation that become their data.
Anthropology is one of the many different scientific studies of human beings and their past and present. More specifically, it is “a social science that involves the study of human groups and their behavior”1 in the past and present gathering information from living and social situations among other resources. Anthropology is made up of two Greek terms: “anthropos” meaning man and “logos” meaning study or knowledge.2 Different from other disciplines, the study of anthropology comes with a broader scope of time and space, a holistic approach, and a skeptical and curious attitude.3 After interviewing other people outside of the Introduction to Anthropology course, one may find others know very little about anthropology. After being asked about what it is, answers along the lines of “the study of monkeys” or “the study of evolution” were given. The study of anthropology can be beneficial to anyone and everything from people who want to study anthropology to governments and businesses.
In order to explain the theory better, there is a need to define the terms of the theory for better comprehension. What is Sociology? The concept of sociology can be defined as the study of the human society, the organization of social groups, the social interaction of people and the meaning that people give to their social reality. Put differently, sociology is an “intellectual craft” a way of looking at all things social[ C. Mills , 26]. Because of the broad inclusiveness of its subject matter, sociology must consult other knowledge fields such as philosophy, history, political science, anthropology, economics and law.