It could be seen as autobiographical, for the author is recounting his experience while writing the memories of his father. Notwithstanding, I will analyse it as a trauma narrative. My reason to do so is that I believe it is the trauma of three of the novel´s main protagonists which determines the way in which the story is written, and that Maus would not have seen the light of day provided it would not have been a real, traumatic experience. Hence, the biographical approach to the novel is possible but we should not forget that it is built around
Historical fiction novels allow the reader to explore outdated philosophies by presenting the information from a different perspective with pressure on having an authentic mindset from the time. Historical fiction authors such as Whitehead use the idea of “entertainment” value, better described as emotional appeal (pathos) to their advantage, manipulating the reader into learning details from a historical time period that they wouldn’t otherwise obtain from a textbook. The genre breaks down extensive topics such as slavery into individual accounts that are representative of the overall ideas in history, without overwhelming the reader with seemingly endless content. While at first glance historical fiction seems to be a rather trivial concept, with further examination it proves to be much more complex, using literary devices to leave the reader with an unforgettable view of
A fictional story is not a list of events, but a tale with a storyline and plot. People reading historical fiction stories won’t interpret the history as a random thing in the past. Instead, in their quest to understand the plot, they have to work to look for correlation and causation between the historical events. This is very important for understanding history, as it allows readers to strongly connect all the small events within the big historical event together in their mind instead of viewing those events as separate things. For instance, in the book Johnny Tremain, the narrator says “The work on the Dartmouth and the Eleanor finished about the same time.
The narrative offers an account which can be used to describe the particularly puritan society based on the ideals of Christianity and the European culture. It offers a female perspective of the Native Americans who showed no respect to the other religious groups. The narrator makes serious observation about her captors noting the cultural differences as well as expectations from one another in the society. However, prejudice is evident throughout the text which makes the narratives unreliable in their details besides being written after the event had already happened which means that the narrator had was free to alter the events to create an account that favored her. Nonetheless, the narrative remains factually and historically useful in providing the insights into the tactics used by the Native Americans
Trauma underlines the life of Liesel Meminger. Most of the major events that take place in her life are trauma inducing to some extent and a lot of her later actions seem to be rooted in these traumatic events. Based on the psychoanalytic ideas of Sigmund Freud, and later Jacques Lacan and Cathy Caruth, trauma theory purports that when traumatic events occur, the brain in a protective gesture, blocks them from fully entering consciousness. They are buried in the depths of the mind, for the large part inaccessible to the conscious individual in normal everyday life. However these traumatic stimuli refuse to stay repressed and resurface in the form of intrusive images or nightmares as symptoms of trauma-related illnesses such as PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder).
They are different in their setting and point of view. Similar in their protagonist, antagonist, and theme. They both are two very great books that teach readers about the tragic history. Most people are too caught up in their electronics these days that they don’t get to learn about what happened in the real world. They worry too much about if their friends or crushes text back, they don’t worry enough about what their family had been through in times like slavery, civil rights, wars, and the Holocaust.
Pretending like he is already living the life he so desperately craves helps him cope with his horribly unsatisfying reality. He incorporates this imaginary life in all of his personas and in every environment he comes across, such as his home, his school and his work. However, hen the different personas he embodies are taken away from him, he reacts by falling into a deeper level of isolation than before. His reactions and behaviours to all of the instances in his life all come together to demonstrate how the problematic character of Paul and his tragic descent into depression and suicide proves that self-isolation can be toxic to one’s
The assignment will then conclude with how family therapy and narrative therapy is applied in certain situations to clients and how each one will benefit the client. A brief comparison between narrative therapy and family therapy will also be given. Overview of the two theories Narrative Therapy Narrative therapy is best known for being used by Michael White and David Epston. Narrative therapy commonly involves a shift in focus from more theories that can be seen as traditional. A collaborative approach is often encouraged and the therapist is also encouraged to show special interest and listen respectfully to the client’s stories.
It is only after realizing that one cannot escape what actually happened when healing starts because “traumatized victims need to tell their story so as to face the feelings attached to their ghastly memories, which are creating havoc in their daily life” (Ramirez, 129). In Frank’s last soliloquy he sees a beautiful tree which, though “hurt right down the middle” was “alive and well” (Morrison, 98). This only comes after a confession that the girls that were killed by a guard in Korea was his doing, and not the story that the author told. Notably, post-war trauma is not as a result of the suffering that an individual goes through, but the one that they propagate too. Resolution happens when one is able to reconcile what they witness and what they experience during the traumatic flashbacks, both as a victim and as a perpetrator (Pipes,
In The Empire of Trauma, Dider Fassin and Richard Rechtman analyze the history of trauma and how the notion of trauma became recognized by society. They assess how trauma was constructed by society and the ways in which it became accepted. One of their main goals is understanding how the doubt and suspicion around trauma shifted to a notion that was understood. This understanding included a need for psychological care and empathy to treat the psychologically wounded victims. This is apparent at every event that is categorized as traumatic because psychiatrists and psychologists are always present to offer assistance in situations of violence and threat.