Examples Of Act Utilitarianism

1092 Words5 Pages

A Utilitarian would never say that the argument proposed above is correct, because even though Utilitarianism is a hedonistic theory, it is not an egoistic theory. In the argument above, becoming a corrupt politician would only maximize my happiness and minimize my pain, therefore this argument is egoistic, and it would cause harm for more people than the people it would make happy. In other words, the principle of Utility proposes that an action is morally correct as long as it maximizes happiness and minimizes pain for the greatest amount of people. However, there are different points of view on what exactly make an action morally right among Utilitarians. an Act Utilitarian would say that what makes an action morally right is if it causes …show more content…

In other words, the doctrine of swine states that if humans have the solely purpose of pursuing pleasure, then, they have the same purpose in life as pigs. However, Mill opposes the doctrine of swine by arguing that animals and humans have different definitions and ranks of pleasure; therefore, it is erroneous to compare a human’s ability to quantify and qualify pleasure, as that of a pig’s. Finally, following Mill’s idea of Utilitarianism, being a corrupt politician would only provide me with small pleasures, which is morally incorrect and would make hedonism a “doctrine of …show more content…

Virginia Held particularly raises arguments in favor of assigning equality in the importance that men and women have in the study of morality. One of Held’s most important arguments for gender equality in ethics was the use of care ethics as a tool of moral evaluation. Care ethics evaluates morality by focusing on how humans relate with each other through the value of care; the principle of care ethics differs from the Kantian and the Utilitarian principle, which study morality by evaluating whether an action is right or wrong. Furthermore, care ethics supports that “experience determines fates” of moral theory, since experiences are relevant to human domains of activity, and therefore relevant to

Open Document