The American society became more egalitarian and less deferential, more meritocratic and less aristocratic. There were a few changes that were immediately experienced such as sweeping away of the English traditions like laws of land inheritance. The Church of England in America could no longer continue to exist as its head was the British monarch. It would take another century to abolish slavery but an abolitionist movement had already been initiated due to the Revolution. Due to the American Revolution, other Spanish and Portuguese colonies in the Americas started rebelling against their colonial masters for independence.
In an attempt to increase trade and prove itself as an economic and military superpower, the US began to expand overseas and increase its military size; the US believed in International Darwinism and saw these actions as an expansion of Manifest Destiny which led to imperialism. People like William H. Seward pushed to annex Midway Island and purchased Alaska to expand the size of the US. However, imperialism became a controversial debate among the American people throughout the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. Expansionists and Jingoists like Theodore Roosevelt wanted to protect and gain control of other nations including Puerto Rico, Philippines, and Guam, whereas anti-imperialists such as William Jennings Bryan, Mark Twain, and Jane Addams were against entangling the US in unneeded conflicts overseas and depriving other nations of their rights. Thus, while advocates of expansionism wanted to civilize other nations, become a superpower, and improve US unity, oppositions wanted the US to improve domestic conflicts instead of involving itself in foreign affairs and should not force America’s ideals on other nations.
Prior to the Latin American countries gaining independence, the Creole elites expressed great displeasure with the crown and readily equated themselves with the American colonists before gaining independence from Britain. With this ideology, many Creole’s became enfranchised with Anglo-European culture and enlightenment, convinced that this culture would solve their perceived problems. The Latin American Creole’s believed in both Charles Darwin and Spencer, to show that the fittest survive through evolution and that those concepts apply to the society they lived in. Spencer reinforced the belief that science, industry and progress were interlinked, and with the evolution of society their nations would bloom. Therefore, if an individual was failing in life, blame
However, there are new religions and new gods being brought up quite frequently. A specific religion is christianity. Christianity was very unlike other religions, particularly because of their monotheistic views. Christians were seen as threat to the Romans at this time prior to around 381, which is around when Christianity became a common religion. Although Christians were good citizens, and people who wanted to follow Jesus, they were constantly impacted by aspects of the Roman culture.
The relations between the British and Indian people changed drastically after world war 2. Starting in the mid 1940´s, Britain was forced to take on a new foreign policy that went against their imperial ambitions. The process of decolonization was started and it resulted in imperial powers such as Spain and France to loose important colonies in places such as Indochina and Morocco. Just like the countries mentioned in the previous paragraph, Britain suffered as a result of decolonization and saw it´s colonial territories threatened. India had been for a long time, the jewel of the British Empire, yet the growing sense of national determination was rising in India and people were demanding independence.
In the 19th century, the era of imperialism of western powers, under the pressure of invasion and encroachment from foreign powers, the two isolated nations, China and Japan were forced to undergo reforms to modernize in order to strengthen the country. After decades of revolution, the result of the reforms in the two countries are contrary. While China continue to struggle with western powers and faced defeats, Japan had became a world power and was treated equally with the western powers in 1911. This essay will discuss the reasons contributing to the huge contrast of the result of the attempts of modernization in China and Japan. First of all, the lack of knowledge of the West and the pride of the Chinese culture had caused the Chinese ruling class unable to fully understand its own problems.
With the changing of culture in America between the two World Wars, many writers attempted to grasp the traditions of the past as well as embrace the future; and this is otherwise known as high modernism. Writers such as T. S. Eliot, embraced science and technology at first, but then experienced remorse over the loss of past traditions. What is more, Eliot, through his many poems reshaped the technique of poetry by breaking from tradition and embracing free from. In fact, Eliot’s aim was to impact other poets rather than the world itself. Overall, modernists at the time did not believe that time sequence or current political-social structures reflected reality, so instead they freely highlighted discontinuity and fragmentation to present reality.
The advantages for the mother countries were the opening to new markets with other places, the new resources of raw materials that they previously did not have as large of a supply of, the benefit for their navy by having a large empire with territories in strategic locations, and a spread of Christianity and their law. The disadvantages for the mother countries were diseases from the colonies that they did not have an immunity to since they were not native to the area as well as having to deal with nationalistic uprisings and wars that come with the price of having a colony with a completely different culture, language, background, and history then the mother country. 14. The Meji Restoration in Japan was the beginning of reforms in Japan that was initiated to push Japan into accepting the western culture. The feudal system was abolished,
In his now famous Fourteen Points Address to the US Congress on the 8th of January, 1918, he went on to warn statesmen that they would “henceforth ignore the principle of self-determination at their own peril.” From this point the term started evolving with subtle changes in the meaning and usage of the phrase. In the American Declaration, self-determination meant the legitimacy of a government in the international society of states. However, modern literature refers to self-determination as the process by which secessionist groups, from within the state can gain entry to the international society of states by breaking away from the state structure that does not represent