Adversity breaks one down until they can be broken no more, and although adversity has a negative connotation, overcoming adversity can make one stronger, turning it into a positive. When America was discovered and colonized, the indigenous peoples faced real hardships. Americans disliked anything that wasn’t European culture so they tried to eliminate tribal identities and assimilate the Native Americans into their culture. They outlawed certain Indian rituals such as the Ghost Dance and forced Indian children to speak English instead of their native languages. The constitution did not outline specific details for relations with Natives, so as America grew older, the government was left to deal with the Indians however they pleased.
They felt like society in England was corrupt and straying away from Christian belief so they sought for religious freedom and the idea that they could start a colony that would be whole and unified in God. By doing this, they ran into another form of division when they came across the Native Americans who were already habitants of the land. The Puritans looked at these people as if they were animals or savages and built a wall of division between the two different cultures of people. In John Smith’s, “A General History of Virginia, he said, “Each hour expecting the fury of the savages, when God, the patron of all good endeavors, in that desperate extremity so changed the hearts of the savages, that they brought such plenty of their fruits and provisions that no man wanted.” This just shows you of how they viewed the natives and since it wasn’t one of them, then they were bad people. Instead of trying to get along and work with the Indians, they fought them so that they could have land to establish their colony on.
The Second Great Awakening and the Transcendentalism is a book written by Barry Hankins in 2014. The main idea that the book reflects is that the Second Great Awakening and the Transcendentalism reinforced Americans beliefs in the individual’s importance and support even as it helped to bring a sense of community to a highly nomadic masses. The Second Great Awakening movement transformed the American religion and society in a number of ways. While there was a large growth of the deism in New England. Church’s revolutionary fervor tended to alienate it from its constituency.
The leaders of the major industrial powers which were Britain, France and Germany were all wanting to acquire more land for their colonies because they needed more territory. Soon after many small industrial powers such as Spain, Holland, Portugal, Italy, Japan and the USA also wanted to be in the run for more land.This essay will be discussing four factors that led to imperialisation - Religious, Political, Strategic and Economic Many Europeans believed that the African people were of an inferior and uncivilized nature. To most of the Europeans imperialism was a struggle against their belief system which was Christianity. Christian Missionary Societies forced their government to colonize and build the right facilities for the religious and educational upliftment of the local inhabitants. According to pseudo-science at the time, Europe's economic and political strength was proof of the superiority of the European race.
It became the fuel for the wave of anti-imperial sentiment amongst colonial nations following the First World War. Although not explicitly affirming the legitimacy of self-determination as a principle, Wilson did, however, declare in his fifth point that “in determining all such questions of sovereignty the interests of the populations concerned must have equal weight with the equitable claims of the government whose title is to be determined.” His rhetoric helped to develop the notion of the possibility of independence from colonial empires for colonized people around the globe. As Manela elaborates, for a time, “Wilson appears to millions worldwide as the herald of an emerging new world in which all people will be granted the right to determine their own future.” The Egyptians were among the many nations inspired by his words to take action against the British, vying for autonomy and recognition as a self-governing
However in Roosevelt’s speech he wanted the people to agree to end the policy of neutrality and help our allies. Whereas in Kennedy’s speech he wanted both the people of the United States and our foreign allies to focus on what connects us instead of what separates us. On January 6, 1941, Franklin Delano Roosevelt gave his Four Freedoms speech as a state of the union address. At this point in time the world, specifically Eurasia, was in complete chaos. Hitler and the Nazis had already taken over Norway, Poland and Belgium.
Martin Luther Thump, Thump, Thump. These hits of a hammer on a nail would change the course of Christianity and its influence on others for the rest of time. In the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church was an influential figure which dictated daily life and spread the teachings of Jesus Christ. With the power to control how people live, the Catholic Church eventually became corrupt. The Catholic Church’s flawed ideas on how people should prove themselves worthy of God’s protection eventually led to public disapproval.
Technology, knowledge, politics and many more ideas were all becoming influences of the west. China was in a crisis. In order for China to emerge from this, had to observe their level of national power, discover the problem and progress as a whole (Chen). Chen Duxiu’s call for nationalism explained the negative connotations that imperialism had on their country. In his eyes, the lack of nationalism was a result of the conflicting ideas of the old and the new.
As the Age of Renaissance began to emerge, the old systems of feudalism began to weaken (Wolfe 4). Some of the beliefs behind Renaissance individuals included the notion that it was time to break free from past theories (1). This included a more secular approach to the studies of life, rather than past theologies or religious upbringings (1). One of the major reasons that led to broader interests of earthly pleasures, was due to the problems that arose within the Roman Church (1). Renaissance scholars were encouraged by the corruptions of the church to explore different avenues than previous medieval scholastics (2).
The new form of Christianity played a major role during the Renaissance period. As people discover a new way of thinking, they began to question many of the teachings present in medieval Christianity. The new form of Christianity ran by Martin Luther’s was well known by the Protestant Reformation, however; with many Catholics and Protestants wanting a change in the church they campaigned for a shift from the medieval learning and medieval form of Christianity. However, a complete overview of the doctrines was not consented by all within the church. Many Catholics wanted to reform the church from within, but Martin Luther and his follower disagreement of church policies led him to break away from the Catholic Church.
The french and Indian war alter the political and ideological relations between Great Britain and the american colonies in many different ways. The war enable Britain to be more involved with colonial political and economic affairs.After the war Britain also ended their policy of salutary neglect. After a while their plan to make money of the colonies soon lead to the revolutionary war because it increased tension and outrage among the american colonies. The french and Indian war altered the relationship between Britain and the colonies because they ended the policy of salutary neglect.This led to the increase of authority over the colonies. The debt from the war also lead to taxation without representation.
The United States kept trying to expand territories westward but Great Britain interfered. Certainly, the Native Americans opposed, creating one goal, protecting their land. The White expansion was not going to be tolerated, especially that the expansion meant a decrease in the Native American population. Americans received reports of the British siding with Tecumseh to seize the enlargement of white settlers. The British did not respect the colonization in the New World and were not fond of the idea that the United States being a newly independent nation.
Argentina was very unique during this period of time, they had a formal and informal power conflict that proceeded after the formal government was established. After this establishment what made them different was their way of further increasing the military. This being said, what Argentina did was not only build political power but also expanded their military power along with it. Sarmiento I feel viewed these caudillos as an end of proper civilization in Argentina. These caudillos and Sarmiento wanted completely different government types, while Sarmiento wanted the western European ways to be established this isn 't what the caudillos wanted.
The United States was not interested in having people with different cultures, languages, and religions where an older generation of moralists thought it violate a core principle of republicanism, while a younger generation believed that the United States had a role to uplift backward societies. When the foreign policy changed after 1890, the US became an imperialist nation. After the United States bought Alaska from Russia the US quickly decided to look into overseas. Their plan was to take over other foreign lands and slowly gain an empire, and soon become a world power. The two major causes for US expansion after 1890 were for economic benefits and military control overseas.
Catholicism and the Ku Klux Klan The early 1900s was a time of change in technology, education, and way of life for the American people. However, with change comes resistance, which was especially seen in Texas with the uprisings of the Ku Klux Klan. The Ku Klux Klan’s hatred went beyond simply that of Negros and settled on people of the Catholic Religion as well. They used propaganda such as books, flyers, and pamphlets in order to get rid of Catholicism, as the KKK considered people of the Catholic faith to be loyal only to the Pope of Rome and not the United States. The KKK struggled and ultimately succeeded in gaining political advantages in order to gain more influence in the United States, as well as to help avoid punishment for their prosecution of the Catholic people and their property.