Dickens juxtaposes Madame Defarge’s initial appearance with her illustration during the revolution to emphasize the intensity of her hatred. Initially, Madame Defarge is a silent witness in her knitting (Glancy 38), which masks her thirst for vengeance. As the revolution begins, she embodies characteristics such as trustworthiness and strong leadership
Although he supported the idea of people rising up against tyranny, the violence that characterized the French Revolution troubled him. In the preface to his novel he says “to add something to the popular and picturesque means understanding that terrible time”. The story is set in London, Paris and the French countryside at the time of French Revolution. The book is sympathetic to the overthrow of the French aristocracy but highly critical of the reign of terror that followed. The whole book is dominated by the guillotine-tumbrels thundering to and fro and the bloody knives.
In 1775, the poor was indeed poor and the way they were treated didn’t help but only deepen their hatred towards the nobles. The latter continued to live in great opulence while the peasants and their children were dying of hunger and cold on the streets of Paris. In 1789, no longer able to ignore this thirst for revenge, the revolutionaries together with the populace like the flood and fire with ‘echoing footsteps’ submerged the streets of Paris and subjugated the Bastille. ‘By claiming the fortress on behalf of the revolution, they sent a powerful message to the forces of old wealth that still dominated the kingdom — the upheaval in France would not be a simple legislative reorganization, but rather a social revolution (Jacobin, 2015).’ Again as a core realism feature of the novel, Dickens depicts the reunion held by the Defarge as those performed by the ‘sans-culottes’ while making reference to characters named Jacques which was a code name used by revolutionaries. Furthermore, A Tale of Two Cities bears the trace of the Reign of Terror, which is represented by the guillotine deepening the true nature of vengeance that existed during French Revolution
While this is not the main theme of the book, it gives the reader a good idea about the pervading political climate of 18th century France. The representation of the father changed. The father was previously was depicted as stern and overbearing. One might suggest that with the new growth of culture and society in France, the “children” of France outgrew such tyrannical authority. Thus, with the new ideologies shifting, The father became the “good father”, a figure that faded into the background where the children took the forefront.
If they suspect someone is guilty of something “wrong”, the person will go on Madame Defarge’s register. Her register is a list of people who had, in some way, committed treason against the Revolutionaries and are to be executed via guillotine. Very often, the evidence of someone committing “treason” is spread by word of mouth and nothing else. The revolutionary “justice” system is becoming the exact thing it is fighting against—a corrupted government. The guillotine is being used as a mental torture device for everyone.
The impact of the revolution was felt in all of the arts, as most artists and intellectuals entertained sentiments that were socialist, and the glorification of labour became a fashionable motif dating back to the beginning of the 19th century. Rural landscape was seen as superior to the noisome, polluted, and politically restless city life. This idealization of nature and the provincial against the urban was echoed in literary works as well. One such example being George Sands’s Mare au Diable (The Devil’s Pool), published in 1846 and said to have been read to Rosa Bonheur while she was working on the commission. The pastoral novel describes the lives of the peasants and the cycles of nature in detail and features a passage on a scene that is said to have directly influenced Bonheur’s decision to set the animals centre stage within the commissioned painting (see Fig.2).
The breaking point of this was a riotous rebellion, that secretly moved toward revolution. Meanwhile, in England at this time, people payed more attention to spiritualist and the supernatural. This book is understanding to the overthrow of French aristocracy yet highly critical for what followed, the reign of terror. As our novel starts, a businessman-like British gentleman makes his way into the heart of Paris. Presently, he’s on a very uncomfortable mission, unsettling enough to make a businessman almost cry.
He fills the novel with details that anticipate future events. For example, the wine cask breaking in the street and the footsteps that can be heard in the Manettes’ apartment foreshadow the huge mob that eventually overtakes Paris. This makes the reader more aware of the situation than the characters are. Since the book was published in short chapters every week, this helped enhance the feeling of suspense. The reader was given hints of terrific events for the next week so they would keep reading.
A Tale of Two Cities (1859) is a novel by Charles Dickens, set in London and Parisbefore and amid the French Revolution. The novel portrays the situation of the French working class disheartened by the French privileged in the years paving the way to the transformation, the relating ruthlessness exhibited by the progressives toward the previous blue-bloods in the early years of the unrest, and numerous unflattering social parallels with life in London amid a similar period. Charles Darnay - A French noble by birth, Darnay lives in England since he can 't stand to be related with the remorseless shameful acts of the French social framework. Darnay shows incredible temperance in his dismissal of the snooty and remorseless estimations of his