Cognitive dissonance is by definition the ¨state of having inconsistent thoughts, beliefs or attitudes (McLeod, Simply Psychology) which produces feelings of discomfort.” In order to dispel those feelings the brain leads a person to alter the thoughts, beliefs or attitudes that are in disagreement with the rest, restoring the brain to harmony. When we humans have a thought or commit an atrocity that goes against our morals or long standing beliefs we either apologize or justify the action, telling ourselves that the person we hurt deserved it and brought it upon themselves. We continue to search for justification until we no longer view ourselves as in the wrong. This mental capability has, in my opinion, been the leading agent in nationś wars and oppression against others. The most prominent being attempts to stamp out races because of their so called ¨inferior race/ heritage¨.
This would make the beliefs and behaviors consistant with one another and avoid dissonance. The main point of cognitive dissonance is that people want consistency in their attitudes and beliefs and if their beliefs are inconsistent with their behaviors they will have a motivation to reduce the dissonance change which can give them the cause to change behaviors. This change can sometimes be illogical and absurd but it helps them to reduce the conflicting attributes.
INTRODUCTION OF THE THEORY Cognitive dissonance theory is a theory that developed by Leon Festinger in the year of 1957. Leon Festinger was an American social psychologist. He is well known for cognitive dissonance and social comparison theory. He was born in Brooklyn New York City on May 8, 1919. Leon Festinger finished his high school life in Boy’s High School in Brooklyn and finished his degree in psychology in City College of New York in 1939.
1.2 Why is Cognitive Dissonance Important? Cognitive dissonance plays a role in many value judgments, decisions and evaluations. Becoming aware of how conflicting beliefs impact the decision-making process is a great way to improve your ability to make faster and more accurate choices. 1.3 Examples of Cognitive Dissonance Cognitive dissonance can occur in many areas of life, but it is particularly evident in situations where an individual's behaviour conflicts with beliefs that are integral to his or her self-identity. For example, consider a situation in which a man who places a value on being environmentally responsible just purchased a new car that he later discovers does not get great gas mileage.
The prioritisation of meaning over behaviour forms the basis of understanding reactions and interpretations to situations, thus emotional disorders can be interpreted as a result of someone becoming ‘stuck’ in a continuum of negative situations and responses. In regards to depression (Beck, 1976) proposed what is known as the ‘negative cognitive triad’ relating to an irrational and pessimistic view of key elements of a persons belief system (e.g. a negative view of oneself, the world and the future). These are looked at from a cognitive perspective, examining how events or situations are experienced and how they emerge in the conscious and unconscious mind. Barker (2010) describes how mindfulness originates from Buddhist traditions that have been practiced over thousands of years and can be part of many traditional therapeutic approaches.
Some students acquire money for getting good grades, but is that genuinely good? Lots of examination has shown that rewarding students may be a deficient idea. For example, the NEA states that paying students would lead to practical problems in the classroom. Parents would reward their child’s good grades as motivation, but it is actually affecting their own desire to learn. As a matter of fact, by awarding money to students, parents are working against their intrinsic motivation.
Giving everyone involved some level of recognition goes a long way toward boosting confidence and promoting future success. However, one pro of having participation trophies is that It tells the student that they may not have been the winner, but they gave it their all, and always giving your best is more important. Trying certainly matter, but the point of participating in an activity is to win, so why should we reward anything else. The difference between winning and losing is that it teaches us a life lesson. It teaches us how to bounce back from loss.
This will not make you guilty of not doing something as you will be taking control of the situation first. Here is the link of an interesting research to read. Evidence will keep you motivated All of us face a moment of anger and frustration when we want to give everything up. It’s during this time when the evidence of all your effort will help. According to Rydin-Gray, a famous Psychiatry suggests that you can pull yourself out of an emotional breakdown sooner.
Obviously, that is not enough, so students will not have the motivation any more to get good marks the next year, because they want something more. From my opinion as a student, that school should pay the students for good marks, however some schools tried in U.S.A and the percentage of students that get in A has increased a lot. Some students around the world are asking this question “should students be paid for good grades”. Some students
Abstract The provision of sustainable energy can be achieved using renewable energy sources due to the fact that renewable energy sources are unlimited. Furthermore renewable energy sources are naturally replenished on a human time scale. This report will comprise of a brief overview of renewable energy sources, namely solar, hydropower, geothermal and bioenergy and a further detailed report on the use, availability, utilisation and provision of wind as a renewable energy source. Lastly the various advantages and disadvantages of such a resource will be examined. 1.