Examples Of Comparative Study

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1. Introduction 1.1 A Brief Introduction to the Contrastive Study Since all human languages are tools of conveying people’s thought and means of communication, they are all have universals and also are within a same theoretical system. It would be helpful to study a new language if you know some same mechanisms or structures among all languages. And the comparative study is the best way to search for universals among these languages. However, due to the differences also exist between languages, compared with a comparative study; the contrastive study is more effective and comprehensive. It not only finds similarities but also highlights any real differences that exist between languages in order to identify and appreciate those aspects unique…show more content…
Due to the difference in geography environment, life custom, and historical background between English and Chinese, there exists huge difference in the way of thinking. The way of thinking in Chinese is: the main body-behavior flag-behavior-behavior of the object. The language expression pattern caused by this way of thinking is: subject-adverbial-predicate-object. However, the native English speakers’ reality thinking order is mainly: the main body-behavior-the behavior object-behavior flag. So their expression pattern is: subject-predicate-object-adverbial. The difference of thinking is reflected in the word order of language. Because of the significant difference of the expression habit in English and Chinese, the order of each component in the sentences is also different. The adverbial belongs to one of the most complex ingredients in the sentence, especially in English the positions of adverbial is flexible and varied. Therefore, there always have problems in Chinese-English…show more content…
Besides the commonalities, each linguistic structure of a language has its own characteristics.”(Wang Dechun, 1997:1) every language has its own features which distinguish itself from others. The distinguishing feature is manifested not only in the fact that a construction in one language may be different from another, but also in that the same construction occurs in different languages with different frequencies. English and Chinese are two relatively developed languages in the world, but they belong to two different language family: since English belongs to the Indo-European family and Chinese belongs to the Sino-Tibetan family respectively, many differences do exist. Contrastive study comes to grips with the kind of similarities and differences between two languages and thus provides an alternative way for the two languages’ learners. It is also an effective approach in foreign language learning and teaching because we can predict and describe the patterns that will cause difficulties in learning, and those that will not cause difficulties, by comparing systematically the language and culture to be learned with the native language and culture of the
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